Sightings of small delphinids in the southern Çandarlı Bay (Aegean Sea) between 2015 and 2018

Vahit Alan, Gökhan Kaboğlu, Barış Akçalı, Fethi Bengil, Bahar Ubay, Harun Güçlüsoy

Institute of Marine Sciences and Technology, Dokuz Eylül University, Haydar Aliyev Bul. No: 32 35340 İnciraltı, İzmir, TURKEY
Akdeniz Koruma Derneği (Mediterranean Conservation Society), Doğa Park Villaları No: 16 Kalabak, Urla, İzmir, TURKEY
Marine School, Earth System Science Research Center, Girne American University, Girne, TRNC, via TURKEY
STAR Refinery Siteler Mah. Aygaz Cad. No: 21/1 35800 Aliağa, İzmir, TURKEY


This study was performed in the southern part of Çandarlı Bay between May 2015 and May 2018. The aim of the research was to determine the existing cetacean species and their distribution. Cetacean monitoring surveys were conducted biannually for three years, and the presence of bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus and common dolphin Delphinus delphis were detected by visual observations. Total encounter rate of delphinids in the study was 1.7567 sightings per 100 km. The main reason for such a low encounter rate is considered as that the study area is in an industrial zone.

Keywords: Cetacean, monitoring, encounter rate, bottlenose dolphin, common dolphin

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Characterization of small-scale and large-scale fisheries in Saranda (South Albania, Ionian Sea)

Rigers Bakiu, Marthjon Gurma

Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, ALBANIA


There have been increasing evidences for the negative impact of fishing on the Mediterranean trophic web and ecosystem recently. The aim of the present study was to provide a general overview on fisheries in south Albania, based on the landing survey of small-scale and large-scale fishing vessels in the fishing port of Saranda. A landing survey was performed at least 3 days a month from July 2016 to March 2017. The analysis was based on catch per unit effort (CPUE) for most species, which are caught by the small-scale and large-scale fishing vessels and landed in Saranda fishing port. The results indicated the overfishing of the target species and suggest that a proper monitoring program should be activated including the small-scale and recreational fisheries activities.

Keywords: European hake, small-scale fisheries, large-scale fisheries, striped red mullet, deep-water rose shrimp

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First record of Penaeus pulchricaudatus (Stebbing, 1914) and the establishment of P. aztecus (Ives, 1891) and P. hathor (Burkenroad, 1959) in Cretan waters, Greece

Thodoros Eystratios Kampouris, Ioannis Giovos, Nikolaos Doumpas, Aspasia Sterioti, Ioannis Efstratios Batjakas

Department of Marine Sciences, School of the Environment, University of the Aegean, 81100 Mytilene, Lesvos Island, GREECE
iSea, Environmental Organization for the Preservation of the Aquatic Ecosystems, 55438 Ag. Pavlos, Thessaloniki, GREECE
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Cretaquarium, 71003 Gournes Pediados, Heraklion Crete, GREECE


Citizen science has been proven to be a valuable tool in monitoring marine biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea contributing to the early detection and the monitoring of non-indigenous species (NIS) often by combining the use of social media and smartphone technology in data collection. In May 2016, iSea launched a relative project aiming to record the information on the occurrence, distribution and expansion of marine alien species in Greek and adjacent waters. The present paper describes the first report of the Lessepsian prawn Penaeus pulchricaudatus(Decapoda, Dendrobranchiata, Penaeidae) and provides strong evidence on the establishment of the alien prawns P. aztecus and P. hathor in Cretan waters based on the occurrences reported in the present study and on previous records.

Keywords: Penaeus pulchricaudatus, Penaeus aztecus, Penaeus hathor, decapoda, alien species, south Aegean Sea

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Zenetos, A., Giavasi, A.M. (2015) Penaeus aztecus establishing in the Greek Ionian Sea. p 691. In: Crocetta et al. 2015. New Mediterranean Marine biodiversity records (October 2015). Mediterr Mar Sci 16(3): 682-702.

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Vol.24 – 2018 – No.3

Introductory pages

First record of Penaeus pulchricaudatus (Stebbing, 1914) and the establishment of P. aztecus (Ives, 1891) and P. hathor (Burkenroad, 1959) in Cretan waters, Greece
Thodoros Eystratios Kampouris, Ioannis Giovos, Nikolaos Doumpas, Aspasia Sterioti, Ioannis Efstratios Batjakas

Characterization of small-scale and large-scale fisheries in Saranda (South Albania, Ionian Sea) 
Rigers Bakiu, Marthjon Gurma

Sightings of small delphinids in the southern Çandarlı Bay (Aegean Sea) between 2015 and 2018
Vahit Alan, Gökhan Kaboğlu, Barış Akçalı, Fethi Bengil, Bahar Ubay, Harun Güçlüsoy

The microphytobenthos diatoms of the shallow waters of the Black and Azov Sea ecosystems (1987–2017)
Larisa Ryabushko, Daria Balycheva, Anna Bondarenko

Preliminary assessment of the effect of dietary Pelargonium sidoides extract on the haematological profile of common carp, Cyprinus carpio Linneaus, 1758
Funda Turan, Armagan Gezer

A new record and range extension of an invasive amphipod Caprella scaura Templeton, 1836 in Tunisia, north Africa
Sahar Chebaane, Moez Shaiek, Rym Zakhama-Sraieb

Additional record of the tripletail fish Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch, 1790) in the northern Tunisian deep waters (Central south Mediterranean)
Moez Shaiek, Sabri Jaziri, Ibrahim Ben Amer

Possible intrusion of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) to the Turkish Black Sea coast
Murat Bilecenoğlu, Bayram Öztürk

A new record of imperial blackfish, Schedophilus ovalis (Cuvier, 1833) from the Bay of Izmir (Aegean Sea, Turkey)
Okan Akyol, Aytaç Özgül

A study on morphometric characteristics of otolith for a new maximum length record of the bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (Linneaus 1766) in the Sea of Marmara
Habib Bal, Telat Yanık, Dilek Türker

Chondrichthyan species as by-catch: A review on species inhabiting Turkish waters
Elizabeth Grace Tunka Bengil, Nuri Başusta

A review on the problems of LAS determination methods in sea water
Kasım Cemal Güven, Burak Çoban


Fisheries investments and economic contribution to the Islamic Republic of Mauritania by the Turkish fishing industry

Bayram Öztürk

Faculty of Aquatic Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul, TURKEY
Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), P.O. BOX: 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY


Since 2015 Turkish fishing fleet has been catching both pelagic and demersal fish in the coastal waters of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. Total number of boats has been 51 in the Mauritanian waters, of which 33 are purse seiners and 18 are deep sea trawlers. Among these boats nine of them have returned to Turkey for various reasons but 42 fishing boats are operating at present (June 2018) in the Mauritanian waters. These fishing activities represent about a $200 million investment. Protection of the local people’s food demand has a vital importance and sustainability of the stocks should be the main target for the sustainable fisheries and food safety. Turkish investors has contributed to the social development, welfare and job creation in Mauritania. In addition, they also contribute to the education of the local citizens about fishing industry.

Keywords: Fisheries investment, Mauritania, purseseiners, sustainable fisheries, economic contribution

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Abdel Hamid, M.L. (2013) National review on postharvest fish losses in Mauritania. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 43: 69-83.

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Belhabib, D., Lam, V.W.Y., Cheung, W.W.L. (2016) Overview of West African fisheries under climate change: Impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptive responses of the artisanal and industrial sectors. Marine Policy 71: 15-28.

Belhabib, D., Sumaila, R.U., Lam,V.W.Y., Zeller, D., Abou Kane, E., Le Billon, P., Pauly, D. (2015) Euros vs.Yuan: Comparing European and Chinese fishing access in West Africa. PloS ONE 10(3): e0118351.

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Filling the gap: a new record of diamondback puffer (Lagocephalus guentheri Miranda Riberio, 1915) from the west-eastern Mediterranean Sea, Turkey

Murat Çelik, Alan Deidun, Umut Uyan, Ioannis Giovos

Faculty of Fisheries, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, 48000, Menteşe, Muğla, TURKEY
Department of Geosciences, University of Malta, Msida MSD 2080, MALTA
Department of Marine Biology, Pukyong National University, (48513) 45, Yongso-ro, Nam-Gu, Busan, KOREA
iSea, Environmental Organization for the Preservation of the Aquatic Ecosystems, Ochi Av., 11, Thessaloniki, GREECE


One specimen of the diamondback puffer, Lagocephalus guentheri (Miranda Riberio, 1915), was recorded along the Turkish coast, off Gökova Bay, through the angling method on 12 June 2017. The morphological features of this species were examined indirectly by image analyses software. This finding also supports the documented occurrence of the diamondback puffer fish along Turkish coasts.

Keywords: TTX, pufferfish, invasion, range expansion, Eastern Mediterranean

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Akyol, O., Aydın, İ. (2016) A new record of Lagocephalus guentheri (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae) from the north-eastern Aegean Sea. Zoology in the Middle East 62:3, 271-273.

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Bilecenoglu, M., Kaya, M., Akalin, S. (2006) Range expansion of silver stripe blaasop, Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789), to the northern Aegean Sea. Aquatic Invasions 1(4): 289–291.

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Cybium 29(4): 347-354.

Ergüden, D., Kabaklı, F., Uyan, A., Doğdu, S., Karan, S., Gurlek, M., Turan, C. (2017) New record of diamondback puffer Lagocephalus guentheri Miranda Ribeiro, 1915 from the North-Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey. Natural and
Engineering Sciences 2(3) Supplement: 60-66.

Farrag, M.M.S., El-Haweet, A.K., Akel, E.H.Kh., Moustafa, M.A. (2016) Occurrence of puffer fishes (Tetraodontidae) in the eastern Mediterranean, Egyptian coast – filling in the gap. BioInvasions Records 5: 47-54.

Filiz, H., Yapıcı, S., Bilge, G. (2017) The factors increasing of invasiveness potential of five pufferfishes in the eastern Mediterranean, Turkey. Natural and Engineering Sciences 2(3): 22-30.

Galil, B.S., Boero, F., Campbell, M.L., Carlton, J.T., Cook, E., Fraschetti. S., Gollasch, S., Hewitt, C.L., Jelmert, A., Macpherson, E., Marchini, A., McKenzie, C., Minchin, D, Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A.,Ojaveer, H. (2015) ‘Double trouble’: the
expansion of the Suez Canal and marine bioinvasions in the Mediterranean Sea. Biological Invasions 17(4): 973-976.

Golani, D., Orsi-Relini, L., Massutì, E.,Quignard, J.P. (2017) Updated CIESM Atlas of Exotic Species in the Mediterranean Vol 1: Fishes. CIESM.

Kalogirou, S. (2013) Ecological characteristics of the invasive pufferfish Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) in the eastern Mediterranean Sea – a case study from Rhodes. Mediterranean Marine Science 14: 251-260.

Karahan, A., Douek, J., Paz, G., Stern, N., Kideys, A.E., Shaish, L., Goren, M., Rinkevich, B. (2017) Employing DNA barcoding as taxonomy and conservation tools for fish species censuses at the southeastern Mediterranean, a hot-spot area for biological invasion. Journal for Nature Conservation 36: 1-9.

Lisa, G., Laura, G., Andrea, M., Enrica, R., Francesca, S., Alessandra, G., Andrea, A. (2018) Toxic invasive pufferfish (Tetraodontidae family) along Italian coasts: assessment of an emerging public health risk. Food Control. 91:330-338

Matsuura, K., Golani, D., Bogorodsky, V. (2011) The first record of Lagocephalus guentheri Miranda Ribeiro, 1915 from the Red Sea with notes on previous records of L. lunaris (Ac- tinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Tetraodontidae). Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Series A 37: 163-169.

Matsuura, K., Satoh, T.P. (2017) Redescription of Lagocephalus cheesemanii (Clarke 1897), a senior synonym of Lagocephalus gloveri Abe and Tabeta 1983, based on morphological and genetic comparisons (Actinopterygii: Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae). Ichthyolgical Research 64: 104–110.

Vacchi, M., Bussotti, S., Miglietta, A.M., Guidetti, P. (2007) Presence of the Guinean puffer Sphoeroides marmoratus (Lowe, 1838) in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Fish Biology 71(4): 1215-1219.

Van der Elst, R. (1993) A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa. (3rd Ed.). Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 398 pp.

Vella, A., Vella, N., Karakulak, F.S., Oray, I. (2017) DNA barcoding of Tetraodontidae species from the Mediterranean Sea: filling knowledge gaps for improved taxonomic accuracy. Genetics of Aquatic Organisms 1: 71-79.

Zenetos A, Ҫinar ME, Crocetta F, Golani D, Rosso A, Servello G, Shenjar N, Turon X, Verlaque M (2017) Uncertainties and validation of alien species catalogues: The Mediterranean as an example. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 191: 171-187.


First stranding record of Kogia sima (Owen, 1866) in Morocco (Strait of Gibraltar)

Said Benchoucha, Mohamed Naoufal Tamsouri, Fatima El Aamri

Laboratory of Fish, National Institute of Fisheries Research (Tanger), MOROCCO
Center Specialized in Zootechny and Marine Aquaculture Engineering. National Institute of Fisheries Research (M’diq), MOROCCO


This paper reports the first record of Kogia sima (Owen, 1866) in Morocco (Strait of Gibraltar) and the forth for the Mediterranean Sea. On 30 April 2015, in Mnar-Tanger (Morocco) a stranding of dwarf sperm whale, K. sima was found. This species is rarely observed at sea and little is known from the Mediterranean Sea.

Keywords: First record, Kogia sima, Cetacea, Kogiidae, dwarf sperm whale, Mediterranean Sea

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Baccetti, N., Cancelli, F., Renieri, T. (1991) First record of Kogia simus (Cetacea, Physeteridae) from the Mediterranean Sea. Mammalia 55(1): 152-154.

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Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 209-224.

Bortolotto, A., Papini, L., Insacco, G., Gili, C., Tumino, G., Mazzariol, S., Pavan, G., and Cozzi, B. (2003) First record of a dwarf sperm whale, Kogia sima (Owen, 1866) stranded alive along the coasts of Italy. In: 31st Symposium of the
European Association for Aquatic Mammals, Tenerife, Spain 14 – 17 March 2003.Centro Studi Cetacei, Work nº. 86.

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archipelago. Zool Caboverdiana 1: 75-99.

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the Mediterranean Sea (Cetacea Kogiidae). Biodiversity Journal 8(4): 947-950.

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First record of Adriatic sole Pegusa impar (Osteichthyes: Soleidae) from the Syrian coast (Eastern Mediterranean Sea)

Malek Ali, Khadija Ounifi-Ben Amor, Samera Khalil, Adib Saad, Christian Capapé

Marine Sciences Laboratory, Basic Sciences Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Lattakia, SYRIA
Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer, port de pêche, 2025 La Goulette, TUNISIA
Laboratoire d’Ichtyologie, case 104, Université Montpellier II, Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 34 095 Montpellier cedex 5, FRANCE


The present paper reports the first record of Adriatic sole Pegusa impar (Bennett, 1831) from the Syrian coast. This record confirms the occurrence of the species in the Levant Basin but does not suggest that a viable population is successfully established in this region. Its rarity in the area is probably due to misidentifications with other congeneric species.

Keywords: Morphometric measurements, meristic counts, distribution, Levant Basin, eastern Mediterranean

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Ali, M., Saad, A., Soliman, A., Rafrafi-Nouira, S., Capapé, C. (2017) Confirmed occurrence in the Mediterranean Sea of Red Sea orangeface butterflyfish Chaetodon larvatus (Osteichthyes: Chaetodontida) and first record from the
Syrian coast. Cah. Biol. Mar. 58(3): 367-369.

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Inst. natn. Sci. Mer, Salammbô 15, no. spécial: 22-26.

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First record of the spotted sea hare Aplysia dactylomela Rang, 1828 in the south Mediterranean coast (Kuriat Islands, Tunisia)

Mehdi Aissi, Ibrahim Ben Amer, Syrine Moslah, Yassine Ramzi Sghaier

Specially Protected Areas Regional Activity Centre for (SPA/RAC), Boulevard du Leader Yasser Arafat, BP 337, 1080 Tunis Cedex, TUNISIA
Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Omar Mukhtar University, El-Bayda, LIBYA
Notre Grand Bleu, Résidence Kairouan, Cap Marina, 5000, Monastir, TUNISIA


The spotted sea hare Aplysia dactylomela Rang 1828 was recorded for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea in 2002. This non-native species then spread rapidly eastwards from the waters surrounding Lampedusa Island to reach the Levantine coast, following the main Mediterranean current movement. Despite the colonization of the eastern Mediterranean basin in numerous localities, no sightings were reported from the western Mediterranean basin. In July 2017, two specimens of this species were sighted about 1 m depth surrounding the future MPA of Kuriat Islands. The observation was made during the implementation of the national Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Programme (IMAP) in Tunisia related to the biodiversity component.

Keywords: Spotted sea hare, Kuriat Islands, Tunisia, coastal MPA, IMAP, Ecosystem Approach process

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Antit, M., Gofas, S., Salas, C., Azzouna, A. (2011) One hundred years after  Pinctada: an update on alien Mollusca in Tunisia. Mediterranean Marine Science 12(1): 53-73.

Ayas, D., Agilkaya, G. (2017) Occurrence of the spotted sea hare Aplysia dactylomela (Rang 1828, Aplysiidae) in the Yeşilovacık Bay, Norteastern Mediterranean Coast of Turkey. Natural Engineering Science 2(3): 73-78.

Çinar, M.E., Bilecenoğlu, M., Őztűrk, B., Katağan, T., Yokeş, M.B., Aysel, V., Dağli, E., Açik, S., Őzcan, T., Erdoğan, H. (2011) An updated review of alien species on the coasts of Turkey. Mediterranean Marine Science 12: 257-315.

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Valdés, A., Alexander, J., Crocetta F., Baki Yokeş, M., Giacobbe, S., Poursanidis, D., Zenetos, A., Cervera, J.L., Caballer, M., Galil, B.S., Schembri, P.J, (2013) The origin and dispersal pathway of the spotted sea
hare Aplysia dactylomela (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia) in the Mediterranean Sea. Aquatic Invasions 8(4): 427-436.

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pathways. Mediterranean Marine Science 13(2): 328-352.


The presence of Pinna nobilis L. in the Gulf of Neum as an argument for reevaluation of its conservation status in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mirza Celebicic, Muhamed Katica, Nedzad Gradascevic

Stolacka 34, Sarajevo, BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA
University of Sarajevo, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Pathophysiology, BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA
University of Sarajevo, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Radiobiology with Radiation Hygiene, Biophysics & Environmental Protection, BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA


The presence of the Mediterranean endemic bivalvia fan shell Pinna nobilis L. was recorded during a survey that took place in Neum Bay 37 years ago. Since then its presence has only been confirmed once although it is protected by several international protocols. The aim of this research was to collect the data that can be used for a better undersanding and preservation of P. nobilis. An area of 400 m2 was searched for individual shells by SCUBA diving. Five individuals found at a depth ranged between 3 and 9 m. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the only country on the Adriatic Sea that has not protected the fan shell by law. Further surveys must be undertaken as soon as possible, with the proper management of this habitat which hosts P. nobilis.

Keywords: Pinna nobilis, bivalvia, Neum Gulf, conservation, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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