ANTİCOAGULANT AND ANTİLİPAEMİC ACTİVİTİES OF POLYSACCHARİDES FROM MARİNE ALGAE

Anticoagulant and antilipaemic activities of polysaccharides from marine algae

Kasım Cemal Güven, Burak Coban, Ekrem Sezik

Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), PK 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
Department of Chemistry, Bulent Ecevit University, Incivez, 67100 Zonguldak, TURKEY
Institute of Health Sciences, Yeditepe University, 34755, Istanbul, TURKEY

Abstract

In this review the research on the anticoagulant and antilipaemic activity of sulfated and synthetically modified polysaccharides extracted from marine macro algae between 1913 and 2018 was summarized and the results were compared with a long known natural polysaccharide from animal sources, heparin which contain N-sulfate group. The highest anticoagulant activity of algal sulfated polysaccharide was obtained from Dictiyota menstrualis, red alga, found to be 4.8 times more active than heparin. Antilipaemic activity of some algal sulfated polysaccharides showed similar activity as heparin.

Keywords: Anticoagulant, antilipaemic, polysaccharides

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References

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EUROPEN UNİON (EU) RİSK ASSESSMENT OF PLOTOSUS LİNEATUS (THUNBERG, 1787); A SUMMARY AND İNFORMATİON UPDATE

Europen Union (EU) Risk Assessment of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg, 1787); a summary and information update

Marika Galanidi, Cemal Turan, Bayram Öztürk, Argyro Zenetos

Institute of Marine Sciences and Technology, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, TURKEY
Marine Science and Technology Faculty, Iskenderun Technical University, Iskenderun, TURKEY
Faculty of Aquatic Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul, TURKEY
Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), P.O. Box: 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Attiki, GREECE

Abstract

Plotosus lineatus is a venomous Lessepsian fish species present in the south-eastern Mediterranean since 2002. It has been identified as one of the priority marine invasive alien species (IAS) likely to threaten native ecosystems and human well-being throughout the Mediterranean and within EU marine waters. It was thus selected as one of the species to be risk assessed and considered for management under the EU IAS Regulation. This work describes the main findings of the Risk Assessment (RA) of P. lineatus and discusses possible management measures. The species has a high likelihood to enter the RA area through natural dispersal and the possibility of “facilitated” or accidental escapes from domestic or public/private aquaria, has been established in some parts of the Mediterranean and is very likely to establish throughout the Mediterranean and possibly the Black Sea. Potential population explosions can instigate major environmental impacts on native community structure and ecosystem functions through competition, predation and habitat use; additionally, its painful and potentially dangerous sting poses a serious health risk. The risk assessment identified a moderate rate of spread due to depth limitations to dispersal, which can facilitate population control and containment efforts, should they be needed. Commercialization of the species for consumption and biomedical research can be an option for long-term management.

Keywords: Plotosus lineatus, striped eel catfish, invasive, risk assessment, management measures, EU IAS Regulation

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STATUS OF MARINE ALIEN SPECIES ALONG THE LIBYAN COAST

Status of marine alien species along the Libyan coast

Esmail Shakman, Khaled Eteayb, Ibrhim Taboni, Abdallha Ben Abdalha

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Tripoli University, LIBYA

Abstract

The number of marine alien species in Libyan waters has increased from 63 (known until the end of 2013) to 73 in the present study. This work deals with the present status, distribution and characteristics of marine alien species and their impacts along the coast of Libya, almost 2000 km long. The highest percentage was fishes (32.88%), followed by macrophytes (21.92%), molluscs (16.44%), crustaceans (13.70%), and parasites (9.59%). Some of these species have successfully adapted themselves to various topographies and habitats in the Libyan coasts, which resulted in the change in biodiversity in the area. Some fish were accompanied by parasites and others have become hosts for native parasites; seven alien parasite species (Nybelinia africana, Neoallolepidapedon hawaiins, Allolepidapedon petimba, Glyphidohaptor plectocirra, Tetrancistrum polymorphum, Apounurs sigani and Hatschekia siganicola) were recorded in three lessepsian fish species. Moreover, the toxic effect of poisonous fish (Lagocephalus sceleratus) was investigated as it caused fatalities and severe intoxication for some fishermen. Its population has dramatically increased, with high numbers of juveniles and adults reported in some bays especially in the eastern part of Libya. Alien Siganus spp. have competed with the native herbivore fish Sarpa salpa. Furthermore, some alien fishes have become commercially valuable in Libya. This paper highlights the biological invasion in the Libyan coasts in an attempt to fill the gap of knowledge on the alien species in the southeastern Mediterranean coast.

Keywords: Bioinvasion, migrant species, South Mediterranean, Libya

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Whitehead, P., Bauchot, M., Hureau, J., Nielson, J., Tortonese, E. (eds.) (1984-1986) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vols. I, II, III, UNESCO, Paris.

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Zenetos, A., Çinar, M., Crocetta, F., Golani, D., Rosso, A., Servello, G., Shenkar, N., Turon, X., Verlaque, M. (2017) Uncertainties and validation of alien species catalogues: The Mediterranean as an example. Estuar Coast Shelf
Sci 191: 171-187.

Zenetos, A., Gofas, S., Morri, C., Rosso, A., Violanti, D., Garcia, Raso, J. E., Çinar, M. E., Almogi, Labin, A., Ates, A. S., Azzuro, E., Ballestros, E., Bianchi, C. N., Bilecenoglu, M., Gambi, M. C., Giangrande, A., Gravili, C., Hyamskaphzan, O., Karachle, V., Katsanevakis, S., Lipei, L., Mastrototaro, F., Mineur, F., Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M. A., Ramos, Espla, A., Salas, C., San Martin, G., Sfriso, A., Streftanris, N., Verlaque, M. (2012) Alien species in the
Mediterranean Sea by 2012. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine trategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part 2. Introduction trends and pathways. Mediterranean Marine Science 13(2): 328-352.

Zenetos, A., Gofas, S., Verlaque, M., Çinar, M.E., Garcia Raso, J.E., Bianchi, C. N., Morri, C., Azzuro, E., Bilecenoglu, M., Froglia, C., Siokou, I., Violanti, D., Sfriso, A., San Martin, G., Giangrande, A., Katağan, T., Ballestros, E., Ramos-Espla, A., Mastrototaro, F., Ocana, O., Zingone, A., Gambi, M.C., Streftaris, N., (2010) Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science 11(2): 381-493.

Zgozi, S., Haddoud, D., Rough, A. (2002) Influence of environmental factors on distribution and abundance of macrobenthic organisms at Al Gazala lagoon (Libya) (in Arabic) Technical Report of Marine Research Center of Tajura 23-27.

Zupanovic, S., EL-Buni, A. (1982) A contribution to demersal fish studies off the Libyan coast. Bulletin of Marine Research Centre (Tripoli-Libya) 3: 77-122.

FİRST RECORD OF AETOMYLAEUS BOVİNUS (GEOFFROY ST. HİLAİRE, 1817) (ELASMOBRANCHİİ: MYLİOBATİDAE), FROM THE SEA OF MARMARA

First record of Aetomylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1817) (Elasmobranchii: Myliobatidae), from the Sea of Marmara

Murat Bilecenoğlu

Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, 09010 Aydın, TURKEY

Abstract

A single female individual of Aetomylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1817) was observed and photographed off Soğanlıdere (Çanakkale Strait) on 15 May 2019, which represents a first record for the Sea of Marmara ichthyofauna.

Keywords: Aetomylaeus bovinus, Myliobatidae, Sea of Marmara

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References

Abdul Malak, D., Livingstone, S.R., Pollard, D., Polidoro, B.A., Cuttelod, A., Bariche, M., Bilecenoglu, M., Carpenter, K.E., Collette, B.B., Francour, P., Goren, M., Kara, M.H., Massutí, E., Papaconstantinou, C., Leonardo Tunesi, L.
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Dulčić, J., Lipej, L., Bonaca, M.O., Jenko, R., Grbec, B., Guélorget, O., Capapé, C. (2008) The bull ray, Pteromylaeus bovinus (Myliobatidae), in the northern Adriatic Sea. Cybium 32: 119-123.

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Froese, R., Pauly, D. (2019) Aetomylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy, 1817). Available at https://www.fishbase.org/summary/ 5011 (Accessed on 23 June 2019)

Lipej, L., Mavrič, B., Dulčić, J. (2009) Size of the bull ray, Pteromylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy Saint‐Hilaire, 1817), from the northern Adriatic. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 25(suppl.1): 103-105.

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Zogaris, S., Dussling, U. (2010) On the occurrence of the bull ray Pteromylaeus bovinus (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatidae) in the Amvrakikos Gulf, Greece. Mediterranean Marine Science 11(1): 177-184.

FİRST RECORD OF HETEROPRİACANTHUS CRUENTATUS (LACEPÈDE, 1801) (CHORDATA: PRİACANTHİDAE) İN THE MEDİTERRANEAN SEA FROM THE LEBANESE WATERS

First record of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède, 1801) (Chordata: Priacanthidae) in the Mediterranean Sea from the Lebanese waters

Ali Badreddine, Ghazi Bitar

Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese University, Hadath, Beirut, LEBANON

Abstract

Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède, 1801) was reported for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea from the Lebanese deep sea. A photograph of the glasseye fish was posted on the social media network FacebookTM. The specimen was caught from the deep sea of Lebanon on 29 April 2019 by a recreational longline fishermen.

Keywords: Heteropriacanthus cruentatus, glasseye fish, Lebanese deep sea

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References

Al Mabruk, S.A.A., Rizgalla, J. (2019) First record of lionfish (Scorpaenidae: Pterois) from Libyan waters. J Black Sea/Medit Environ 25(1): 108-114.

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Dooley, J., Collette, B., Aiken, K.A., Marechal, J., Pina Amargos, F., SinghRenton, S. (2015). Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T16749737A115363 551.

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Gaither, M.R., Bernal, M.A., Fernandez-Silva, I., Mwale, M., Jones, S.A., Rocha, C., Rocha, L.A. (2015) Two deep evolutionary lineages in the circumtropical glasseye Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Teleostei, Priacanthidae)
with admixture in the south-western Indian Ocean. Journal of Fish Biology 87: 715-727.

Zenetos, A., Apostolopoulos, G., Crocetta, F. (2016) Aquaria kept marine fish species possibly released in the Mediterranean Sea: first confirmation of intentional release in the wild. Acta Ichthyologica & Piscatoria 46(3): 255-262.

FİRST RECORD OF MARİVAGİA STELLATA GALİL AND GERSHWİN, 2010 (SCYPHOZOA: RHİZOSTOMEAE: CEPHEİDAE) FROM THE LEBANESE WATERS İN THE EASTERN MEDİTERRANEAN SEA

First record of Marivagia stellata Galil and Gershwin, 2010 (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae: Cepheidae) from the Lebanese waters in the eastern Mediterranean Sea

Ghazi Bitar, Ali Badreddine

Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese University, Hadath, Beirut, LEBANON

Abstract

Marivagia stellata Galil and Gershwin, 2010 was reported for the first time from the Lebanese waters in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. This Indo-Pacific jellyfish was observed in 2015 during a field work. The present note reports its details in the Lebanese waters.

Keywords: Indo-Pacific jellyfish, Marivagia stellata, Lebanese waters

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References

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Zenetos, A., Gofas, S., Morri, C., Rosso, A., Violanti, D. (2012) Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2012. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part 2. Introduction
trends and pathways. Medit Mar Sci 13: 328-352.

Zenetos, A., Gofas, S., Verlaque, M., Çinar, M.E., Garcia Raso, J.E. (2010) Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Medit Mar Sci 11(2): 318-493.

NOTES ON THE OCCURRENCE OF SMALLTOOTH SANDTİGER SHARK, ODONTASPİS FEROX (LAMNİFORMES: ODONTASPİDİDAE) FROM ANTALYA BAY, EASTERN MEDİTERRANEAN, TURKEY

Notes on the occurrence of smalltooth sandtiger shark, Odontaspis ferox (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae) from Antalya Bay, eastern Mediterranean, Turkey

Hakan Kabasakal, Erdi Bayrı

Ichthyological Research Society, Tantavi mah., Menteşoğlu cad., İdil apt., No: 30, D: 4, 34764 Ümraniye, İstanbul, TURKEY

Abstract

On 11 March 2019, a female specimen of Odontaspis ferox, was incidentally caught by a commercial bottom trawler, towed at the depths between 100 to 120 m, in Antalya Bay. Total length of the specimen was 400 cm. Based on the recent Red List assessment of Mediterranean elasmobranchs, O. ferox is a rare and endangered shark species. Capture of the mature females creates a significant threat to the survival of the species. Therefore, promoting fishermen to release live specimens, appears to be an urgent, feasible first step in the protection of this rare shark in Turkish waters.

Keywords: Smalltooth sandtiger shark, endangered, incidental catch, Levantine Basin

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References

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Damalas, D., Megalofonou, P. (2012) Occurrences of large sharks in the open waters of the southeastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Natural History 46: 2701-2723.

Fergusson, I.K., Graham, K.J., Compagno, L.J.V. (2008) Distribution, abundance and biology of the smalltooth sandtiger shark Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810) (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae). Environmental Biology of Fishes
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Golani, D., Öztürk, B., Başusta, N. (2006) The Fishes of the Eastern Mediterranean. Turkish Marine Research Foundation, Istanbul, Turkey.

Graham, K.J., Pollard, D.A., Gordon, I., Williams, S., Flaherty, A.A., Fergusson, I., Dicken, M. (2016) Odontaspis ferox (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T41876A103433002. Available at
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Kabasakal, H. (2002) Elasmobranch species of the seas of Turkey. Annales Series Historia Naturalis 12: 15-22.

Lipej, L., De Maddalena, A., Soldo, A. (2004) Sharks of the Adriatic Sea. Knjižnica Annales Majora, Koper, Slovenia.

Serena, F. (2005) Field Identification Guide to the Sharks and Rays of the Mediterranean and Black Sea. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, FAO, Rome.

Sperone, E., Parise, G., Leone, A., Milazzo, C., Circosta, V., Santoro, G., Paolillo, G., Micarelli, P., Tripepi, S. (2012) Spatiotemporal patterns of distribution of large predatory sharks in Calabria (central Mediterranean, southern Italy). Acta Adriatica 53: 13-24.

Storai, T., Cristo, B., Zuffa, M., Zinzula, L., Floris A., Campanile, A.T. (2006) The Sardinian large elasmobranch database. Cybium 30: 141-144.

FIRST RECORD OF PHYSOPHORA HYDROSTATICA FORSKÅL, 1775 (CNIDARIA, HYDROZOA) FOR THE TURKISH SEAS

First record of Physophora hydrostatica Forskål, 1775 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) for the Turkish seas

Melek İşinibilir, Kamuran Ulucam, Esin Yüksel

Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Aquatic Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul, TURKEY
Cengiz Topel Cad., Serender Evleri, 103/12, Istanbul, TURKEY
Institute of Graduate Studies in Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul, TURKEY

Abstract

A siphonophore species Physophora hydrostatica Forskål, 1775 was observed in July 2006 in Saros Bay, the North-eastern Aegean Sea coast of Turkey. Although this species is found in the Mediterranean, it is the first record from the Turkish coastal areas.

Keywords: Physophora hydrostatica, Siphonophora, jellyfish, Aegean Sea

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References

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Çoker, T., Akyol, O. (2018) An evaluation on the fish diversity of Saroz Bay and Gökçeada Island (Northern Aegean Sea). Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences 4(1): 81-92.

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The Marine Flora & Fauna of Norway (2019) Siphonophore – Physophora hydrostatica. Available at http://www.sea water.no/fauna/cnidaria/hydrostatica.html (Accessed 11 Jun 2019).

Topçu, E.N., Martell, L., Isinibilir, M. (2017) A multispecific accumulation of gelatinous organisms in the central Aegean Sea as a case of biological evidence for unnoticed offshore events. Cahiers De Biologie Marine 58: 269-277.

Yılmaz, İ.N., Isinibilir, M., Vardar, D., Dursun, F. (2017) First record of Aequorea vitrina Gosse, 1853 (Hydrozoa) from the Sea of Marmara: a potential invader for the Mediterranean Sea. Zoology in the Middle East 63: 178-180.

OCCURRENCE OF THE SQUAT LOBSTER MUNİDA CURVİMANA A. MİLNE EDWARDS & BOUVİER, 1894 AND COLOMBUS CRAB PLANES MİNUTUS (LİNNAEUS, 1758) İN TURKEY

Occurrence of the squat lobster Munida curvimana A. Milne Edwards & Bouvier, 1894 and Colombus crab Planes minutus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Turkey

Erhan Irmak, Fikret Öndes

Faculty of Fisheries, Izmir Katip Çelebi University, Izmir, Çiğli, 35620, TURKEY

Abstract

The present study reports the first record of Munida curvimana and second record of Planes minutus in Turkish waters. A male specimen of M. curvimana was collected by a commercial set net in Antalya Bay, Turkey in 2007. A male specimen of P. minutus was found on the loggerhead sea turtle that was captured by driftnet as a bycatch in Fethiye Bay in 2005. The morphometric characteristics and the updated distribution of squat lobster and Columbus crab in the Mediterranean Sea are presented.

Keywords: Decapoda, Munida curvimana, Planes minutus, Caretta caretta, symbiosis, Eastern Mediterranean

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Vol.25 – 2019 – No.2

Introductory pages

A study on some physico-chemical properties of Marmaris Bay (Southern Aegean, Turkey)
Şeyma Merve Kaymaz, Nedim Özdemir

Age and growth of Nemipterus randalli in the southern Aegean Sea, Turkey
Umut Uyan, Halit Filiz, Ali Serhan Tarkan, Murat Çelik, Nildeniz Top

Occurrence of the squat lobster Munida curvimana A. Milne Edwards & Bouvier, 1894 and Colombus crab Planes minutus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Turkey
Erhan Irmak, Fikret Öndes

First record of Physophora hydrostatica Forskål, 1775 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) for the Turkish seas
Melek İşinibilir, Kamuran Ulucam, Esin Yüksel

Notes on the occurrence of smalltooth sandtiger shark, Odontaspis ferox (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae) from Antalya Bay, eastern Mediterranean, Turkey
Hakan Kabasakal, Erdi Bayrı

First record of Marivagia stellata Galil and Gershwin, 2010 (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae: Cepheidae) from the Lebanese waters in the eastern Mediterranean Sea
Ghazi Bitar, Ali Badreddine

First record of Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède, 1801) (Chordata: Priacanthidae) in the Mediterranean Sea from the Lebanese waters
Ali Badreddine, Ghazi Bitar

First record of Aetomylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1817) (Elasmobranchii: Myliobatidae), from the Sea of Marmara
Murat Bilecenoğlu

Status of marine alien species along the Libyan coast
Esmail Shakman, Khaled Eteayb, Ibrhim Taboni, Abdallha Ben Abdalha

Europen Union (EU) Risk Assessment of Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg, 1787); a summary and information update
Marika Galanidi, Cemal Turan, Bayram Öztürk, Argyro Zenetos

Anticoagulant and antilipaemic activities of polysaccharides from marine algae
Kasım Cemal Güven, Burak Coban, Ekrem Sezik