Investigation of land use and coastline changes on the Kepez Delta using remote sensing
C. Akbulak, A. E. Erginal, A. Gönüz, B. Öztürk, C. Z. Çavuş
Department of Geography, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17100 Çanakkale, TURKEY
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17100 Çanakkale, TURKEY
This paper presents land use features and coastline changes on the Kepez Delta between 1962 and 2005 by using remote sensing, aerial photograph interpretations and field observations. Rapid increase of population of the Kepez town from 1935 to 2000 fits with a growth of 24 times, resulting in continual expansion (~23 times) of residential areas on fertile farming lands. The sprawling of summer houses in the Dardanos area to the south threatens agricultural lands and the coastal ecosystem on a large scale. Coastline changes occurred as result of natural morpho-dynamic processes and human involvement in the past 43 years. These changes are characterized by seaward progradation (sediment accumulation) of about 40 m and coastal retrogradation (marine erosion) of 20 m at various parts of the coastline.
Keywords: Land use, coastline change, remote sensing, Kepez delta