A NEW ALIEN JELLYFISH SPECIES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA – AEQUOREA GLOBOSA ESCHSCHOLTZ, 1829 (CNIDARIA: HYDROZOA)

A new alien jellyfish species in the Mediterranean Sea – Aequorea globosa Eschscholtz, 1829 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa)

Cemal Turan, Mevlut Gürlek, Deniz Yağlıoğlu, Dilruba Seyhan

Faculty of Fisheries, Mustafa Kemal University, Iskenderun, Hatay, TURKEY

Abstract

Aequorea globosa Eschscholtz, 1829 is recorded for the first time from the Mediterranean Sea. The presence of this Indo-Pacific jellyfish in the Mediterranean is probably due to ship-mediated transport. A. globosa has been observed in Iskenderun Bay almost all year round from January 2011 until October 2011. This finding suggests that A. globosa has been established in this region.

Keywords: Alien jellyfish, Aequorea globosa, Iskenderun Bay, Mediterranean Sea

References

Bouillon, J., Medel, M.D., Pagès, F., Gili, J.M., Boero, F., Gravili, C. (2004) Fauna of the Mediterranean Hydrozoa. Sci. Mar. 68 (suppl.2): 1-454.

Galil, B.S., Spanier, E., Ferguson, W.W. (1990) The Scyphomedusae of the Mediterranean coast of Israel, including two Lessepsian migrants new to the Mediterranean. Zoologische Mededelingen 64: 95-105.

İyiduvar, Ö. (1986) Hydrographic characteristics of Iskenderun Bay. Thesis, Institute of Marine Science, Middle East Technical University, Erdemli, İçel, 157 p.

Kramp, P. L. (1968) The Hydromedusae of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Sections D and Dl. Dana Rep. 72:1-200.

Maas, O. (1903) Die Scyphomedusen der Siboga Expedition. Siboga Exped Monogr. 11: 1-91, pls. 1–12.

Maas, O. (1905) Die Craspedoten Medusen der éSibogaé Expedition.- Siboga Exped., Monogr. 10. Navas-Pereira, D., Vannucci, M. (1991) The hydromedusae and water masses of the Indian Ocean inlroduction. Bolm Inst. oceanogr., S Paulo 39(1):25-60.

Palma, S., Silva, N, Retamal, M.C., Castro, L. (2011) Seasonal and vertical distributional patterns of siphonophores and medusae in the Chiloe´ Interior Sea, Chile. Continental Shelf Research 31: 260–271.

Schuchert, P. (2010) Aequorea globosa Eschscholtz, 1829. In: (ed., Schuchert, P.) World Hydrozoa Database. Available at http://www.marinespecies.org/ aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=221111 (accesed 12 Oct. 2011).

Schuchert, P. (2011) Aequoreidae. In: (ed., Schuchert, P.) World Hydrozoa Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=13553 on 2011-10- 12.

Turan, C., Uygur, N., Ergüden, D., Özturk, B., Özbalcılar, B. (2010) On the occurrence of invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865 from in Antakya Bay, Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Biharean Biologist 4 (2): 179-180.

Uchida, T. (1947) Some medusae from the Central Pacific. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Imp. Univ., Zool. 297-319.

Vella, P., Deidun, A. (2008) First record of Selene dorsalis (Gill, 1862) (Osteichthyes: Carangidae) in the Mediterranean Sea, from coastal waters off the Maltese Islands. JMBA 2 (published online in November 2008).

WoRMS (2011) Aequorea Péron & Lesueur, 1810. In: Schuchert, P. World Hydrozoa Database, World Register of Marine Species. Available at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=116998 (accessed 12 Oct. 2011).

Yılmaz, A., Baştürk, Ö., Saydam, C., Ediger, D., Yılmaz, K., Hatipoğlu, E. (1992) Eutrophication in İskenderun Bay, northeastern Mediterranean, Sci. Total Environ. Supplement 705-717.

Zaitsev, Y., Öztürk, B. (2001) Exotic Species in the Aegean, Marmara, Black, Azov and Caspian Seas. TUDAV Publication No: 8, Istanbul, 265 p.