A proposal for new marine protected areas along the Turkish Black Sea coast
Bayram Öztürk, Bülent Topaloğlu, Ahmet Kıdeys, Levent Bat, Çetin Keskin, Murat Sezgin, Ayaka Amaha Öztürk, Ahmet Cevdet Yalciner
Faculty of Fisheries, Istanbul University, Ordu St., No: 200, 34470, Laleli, Istanbul, TURKEY
Turkish Marine Research Foundation, (TUDAV), P.O. Box: 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
Institute of Marine Science, Middle East Technical University, P.O.Box 28, 33731, Erdemli, Mersin, TURKEY
Faculty of Fisheries, Sinop University, 57000, Sinop, TURKEY
The Ocean Engineering Research Center (OERC), Middle East Technical University, Inonu Boulevard, 06531, Ankara, TURKEY
Marine living resources are diminishing in the Turkish Black Sea whilst marine biological diversity is facing various threats from overfishing as well as illegal, unreported or unregulated fishing, pollution – both vessel and land-based, alien species, marine litter, and climate change. The designation of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) will greatly improve the protection of marine biodiversity and sustainable fisheries in the region. Five ecologically important sites were recommended for designation as MPAs along the Turkish coast, where currently no MPA exists. These were proposed by taking into account those criteria specified by the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), such as uniqueness, life history stages of species, importance for threatened, endangered species or habitats, vulnerability, fragility, sensitivity or slow recovery and biological productivity.
Keywords: Black Sea, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), Turkey.