The marine coastal zone management and scientific research priorities
Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, TURKEY
Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey, Ankara, TURKEY
The Turkish coastal zone where the edge of the seaward continental shelf lies at about the 200 m. depth contour constituting a small portion of the sea that over 90 percent of the catch are taken, human activities are often concentrated, often least able to assimilate those activities and where adverse effects are most apparent. The coastal zones contribute wealth to the Turkish economy about $ 1.3 billion sea food industry, about $ 4.0 billion marine transportation industry and about $ 4.0 billion tourism industry which totals $ 9.3 billion annually. There is often a conflict of uses within the coastal zone where one use might have an adverse impact on another actual or potential use. The coastal zone is a system made interlinked social and natural components and processes needs an action plan for its best use, implementation and enforcement by a administrative arrangement. In Turkey, the National Marine Science and Technology Researchanmd Development Programme for the coastal zone consists eight sections. They are marine science, environmental management, science and engineering, marine technology, fisheries and aquaculture, monitoring and information, related other research activities, and international relations.
Keywords: Marine coastal zone, management, research priorities