First record of the ocean sunfish, Mola mola (Linnaeus 1758), from the Black Sea
Rafet Çağrı Öztürk, Erdal Özbulut
Department of Fisheries Technology Engineering, Faculty of Marine Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 61530 Surmene, Trabzon, TURKEY
Fındıklı Fisheries Cooperative, Rize, TURKEY
The ocean sunfish, Mola mola (Linnaeus 1758), is considered as a cosmopolitan species which is naturally found in almost all of the oceans as well as in the Mediterranean Sea. A specimen of M. mola was observed by a fisherman in the surface water off the coast of Rize, Turkey, in March 2016. The fish most probably entered the Black Sea from the Aegean Sea through the Turkish Straits System. This is the first record of M. mola in the Black Sea.
Keywords: Mola mola, non-indigeneous species, mediterranization
Bayhan, B., Kaya, M. (2015) An updated checklist of poisonous fishes of Turkish Aegean Sea. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine 3(7): 579-581.
Froese, R., Pauly, D. (2016) FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. (www.fishbase.org) (Accessed date: 04.2016).
Fulling, G.L., Dagmar, F., Knight, K., Hoggard, W. (2007) Distribution of Molidae in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Gulf and Caribbean Research Journal 19: 53–67.
Hill, J.E. (2008) Non-Native species in Aquaculture: Terminology, Potential Impacts and the Invasion Process. USDA-Southern Regional Aquaculture Center Publication No. 4303.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2015) Version 2015-4. (www.iucnredlist.org) (Accessed date: 04.2016).
Matsuura, K. (2015) Taxonomy and systematics of tetraodontiform fishes: a review focusing primarily on progress in the period from 1980 to 2014. Ichthyological Research 62: 72–113.
Pope, E.C., Hays, G.C., Thys, T.M., Doyle, T.K., Sims, D.W., Queiroz, N., Hobson, V.J., Kubicek, L., Houghton, J.D.R. (2010) The biology and ecology of the ocean sunfish Mola mola: a review of current knowledge and future research
perspectives. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 20: 471-487.
Potter, I.F., Howell, W.H. (2011) Vertical movement and behavior of the ocean sunfish, Mola mola, in the northwest Atlantic. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 396: 138-146.
Silvani L., Gazo, M., Aguilar, A. (1999) Spanish driftnet fishing and incidental catches in the western Mediterranean. Biological Conservation 90: 79–85.
Sims, D., Queiroz, N., Doyle, T., Houghton, J., Hayes, G. (2009) Satellite tracking of the world’s largest bony fish, the ocean sunfish (Mola mola) in the North East Atlantic. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 370: 127–133.
Yankova, M., Pavlov, D., Ivanova, P., Karpova, E., Boltachev, A., Bat, L., Oral, M., Mgeladze, M. (2013) Annotated check list of the non˗native fish species (Pisces) of the Black Sea. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 19:
Yoshita, Y., Yamanoue, Y., Sagara, K., Nishibori, M., Kuniyoshi, H., Umino, T., Sakai, Y., Hashimoto, H., Gushima, K. (2009) Phylogenetic relationship of two Mola sunfishes (Tetraodontiformes: Molidae) occurring around the coast of
Japan, with notes on their geographical distribution and morphological characteristics. Ichthyology Research 56: 232-244.