Lionfish distribution in the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey
Elif Özgür Özbek, Sinan Mavruk, İsmet Saygu, Bayram Öztürk
Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), P.O. Box: 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
Faculty of Fisheries, Çukurova University, Balcalı Campus, Sarıçam/Adana, 01330, TURKEY
This study presents the results of the interviews with the fishermen, sightings records in the newspapers and electronic social networks and the details of eight sampled individuals of the lionfish, Pterois sp. in the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. It is evident that the lionfish has established in the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. However, there is still a lack of information about its abundance. The total length (TL) of the eight individuals was 8.5-29.3 cm and the wet-weight 7.09-398.77 g, that were sampled in nine SCUBA dives at 10-15 m depths between 20.01.2017 and 10.02.2017 in Kemer, Antalya. One of the large specimens was a male (29.3 cm TL) and the other was a female (28.6 cm TL) and the rest were juveniles. The stomachs of four individuals were empty; however, identifiable parts of Mullus surmuletus, an individual of Gobiidae sp., unidentifiable parts of a Teleost fish and an undistinguished content were found in the stomachs of the other four individuals. A total of twenty sightings were recorded in the newspapers and electronic social networks in the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey between 15.07.2014 and 17.01.2017, apart from the scientific records, and fifteen of them were evidenced by photo and video. The interviews showed that lionfish was not well-known by the fishermen around the Gulf of Iskenderun yet. The public perception about the lionfish is highly variable in Turkey, and this may affect our understanding of the rate of invasion.
Keywords: Invasive alien species, interview, sighting records, sampling, eradication
Anadón, J. D., Giménez, A., Ballestar, R., Pérez, I. (2009) Evaluation of local ecological knowledge as a method for collecting extensive data on animal abundance. Conservation Biology 23(3): 617-625.
Azzuro, E., Bariche, M. (2017) Local knowledge and awareness on the incipient lionfish invasion in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Marine and Freshwater Research (accepted for publication).
Azzurro, E., Moschella, P., Maynou, F. (2011) Tracking signals of change in Mediterranean fish diversity based on local ecological knowledge. PLoS One 6(9): e24885.
Bariche, M., Torres, M., Azzurro, E. (2013) The presence of the invasive Lionfish Pterois miles in the Mediterranean Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science 14(2): 292-294.
Côté, I. M., Green, S. J., Morris Jr, J. A., Akins, J. L., Steinke, D. (2013) Diet richness of invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish revealed by DNA barcoding. Marine Ecology Progress Series 472: 249-256.
Crocetta, F., Agius, D., Balistreri, P., Bariche, M., Bayhan, Y. K., Çakir, M., Ciriaco, S., Corsini-Foka, M., Deidun, A., El Zrelli, R., Ergüden, D., Evans, J., Ghelia, M., Giavasi, M., Kleitou, P., Kondylatos, G., Lipej, L., Mifsud, C., Özvarol, Y., Pagano, A., Portelli, P., Poursanidis, D., Rabaoui, L., Schembri, P.J., Taşkin, E., Tiralongo, F., Zenetos, A. (2015) New Mediterranean biodiversity records (October 2015). Mediterranean Marine Science 16(3): 682-702.
Dailianis, T., Akyol, O., Babali, N., Bariche, M., Crocetta, F., Gerovasileiou, V., Chanem, R., Gökoğlu, M., Hasiotis, T., İzquierdo-Muñoz, A., Julian, D., Katsanevakis, S., Lipez, L., Mancini, E., Mytilineou, C., Ounifi Ben Amor, K.,
Özgül, A., Ragkousis, M., Rubio-Portillo, E., Servello, G., Sini, K., Stamouli, C., Sterioti, A., Teker, S., Tiralongo, F., Trkov, D. (2016) New Mediterranean biodiversity records (July 2016). Mediterranean Marine Science 17(2): 608-
Edwards, M. A., Frazer, T. K., Jacoby, C. A. (2014) Age and growth of invasive lionfish (Pterois spp.) in the Caribbean Sea, with implications for management. Bulletin of Marine Science 90(4): 953-966.
Frazer, T. K., Jacoby, C. A., Edwards, M. A., Barry, S. C., Manfrino, C. M. (2012) Coping with the lionfish invasion: can targeted removals yield beneficial effects? Reviews in Fisheries Science 20(4): 185-191.
Froese, R., Pauly, D. (2016) Fishbase. Retrieved from www.fishbase.org. (Accessed on 29 December 2016.)
Gardner, P. G., Frazer, T. K., Jacoby, C. A., Yanong, R. P. (2015) Reproductive biology of invasive lionfish (Pterois spp.). Frontiers in Marine Science 2: 7.
Golani, D., Sonin, O. (1992) New records of the Red Sea fishes, Pterois miles (Scorpaenidae) and Pteragogus pelycus (Labridae) from the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 39(2): 167-169.
Green, S. J., Akins, J. L., Côté, I. M. (2011) Foraging behaviour and prey consumption in the Indo-Pacific lionfish on Bahamian coral reefs. Marine Ecology Progress Series 433: 159-167.
Gürlek, M., Ergüden, D., Uyan, A., Doğdu, S. A., Yağlıoğlu, D., Öztürk, B., Turan, C. (2016) First record red lionfish Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1785) in the Mediterranean Sea. Natural and Engineering Sciences 1(3): 27-32.
Iglésias, S., Frotté, L. (2015) Alien marine fishes in Cyprus: update and new records. Aquatic Invasions 10(4): 425-438.
Jimenez, C., Petrou, A., Andreou, V., Hadjioannou, L., Wolf, W., Koutsoloukas, N., Abu Alhaija, R. (2016) Veni, vidi, vici: the successful establishment of the lionfish Pterois miles in Cyprus (Levantine Sea). Rapp. Comm. int. Mer Médit. 41: 417.
Johnson, E. G., Swenarton, M. K. (2016) Age, growth and population structure of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) in northeast Florida using a lengthbased, age-structured population model. PeerJ 4: e2730.
Johnston, M. W., Purkis, S. J. (2014) Are lionfish set for a Mediterranean invasion? Modelling explains why this is unlikely to occur. Marine pollution Bulletin 88(1): 138-147.
Kimball, M.E., Miller, J.M., Whitfield, P.E., Hare, J.A. (2004) Thermal tolerance and potential distribution of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles complex) on the east coast of the United States. Marine Ecology Progress Series 283: 269-278.
Kletou, D., Hall-Spencer, J. M., Kleitou, P. (2016) A lionfish (Pterois miles) invasion has begun in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity Records 9(1): 46.
Kochzius, M., Söller, R., Khalaf, M. A., Blohm, D. (2003) Molecular phylogeny of the lionfish genera Dendrochirus and Pterois (Scorpaenidae, Pteroinae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and
Evolution 28(3): 396-403.
Morris Jr, J.A., Akins, J.L., Barse, A., Cerino, D., Freshwater, D.W., Green, S. J., Munoz, R.C., Paris, C., Whitfield, P.E. (2009) Biology and ecology of the invasive lionfishes, Pterois miles and Pterois volitans. Proceedings of the 61st Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, November 10-14, 2008 Gosier, Guadeloupe, French West Indies, pp. 409-414.
Mytilineou, C., Akel, E. K., Babalı, N., Balistreri, P., Bariche, M., Boyacı, Y.O., Cilenti, L., Constantinou, C., Crocetta, F., Çelik, M., Dereli, H., Dounas, C., Durucan, F., Garrido, A., Gerovasileiou, V., Kapiris, K., Kebapcioglu, T., Kleitou, P., Krystalas, A., Lipej, L., Maina, I., Marakis, P., Mavrič, B., Moussa, R., Peña-Rivas, L., Poursanidis, D., Renda, W., Rizkalla, S.I., Rosso, A., Scirocco, T., Sciuto, F., Servello, G., Tiralongo, F., Yapici, S., Zenetos A. (2016) New Mediterranean biodiversity records (November, 2016). Mediterranean Marine Science 17(3): 794-821.
Oray, I. K., Sınay, E., Karakulak, F. S., Yıldız, T. (2015) Short communication An expected marine alien fish caught at the coast of Northern Cyprus: Pterois miles (Bennett, 1828). J. Appl. Ichthyol 31: 733-735.
Poursanidis, D. (2015) Ecological Niche Modeling of the the invasive lionfish Pterois miles (Bennett, 1828) in the Mediterranean Sea. In Eleventh Panhellenic Symposium on Oceanography and Fisheries, Mytilene, Lesvos island, Greece, 13–15 May 2015: 621-624.
R Core Team (2016) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.Rproject.org/.
Schofield, P.J. (2010) Update of geographic spread of lionfishes (Pterois volitans [Linnaeus, 1758] and P. miles [Bennett, 1828]) in the Western North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Aquatic Invasions 5
(Supplement 1): 117-122.
Schultz, E.T. (1986) Pterois volitans and Pterois miles: two valid species. Copeia: 686-690.
Turan, C., Öztürk, B. (2015) First record of the lionfish Pterois miles (Bennett 1828) from the Aegean Sea. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 21(3): 334-338.
Turan, C., Ergüden, D., Gürlek, M., Yağlıoğlu, D., Uyan, A., Uygur, N. (2014) First record of the Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois miles (Bennett, 1828) (Osteichthyes: Scorpaenidae) for the Turkish marine waters. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 20(2): 158-163.
Valdez-Moreno, M., Quintal-Lizama, C., Gómez-Lozano, R., del Carmen García-Rivas, M. (2012) Monitoring an alien invasion: DNA barcoding and the identification of lionfish and their prey on coral reefs of the Mexican Caribbean. PloS one 7(6): e36636.