Notes on the fisheries compensation for the Independenta/Evriali incident in the Istanbul Strait, Turkey
Bayram Öztürk, Esra Billur Balcıoğlu
Marine Biology Department, Faculty of Fisheries, Istanbul University, Laleli, Istanbul, TURKEY
Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), P.O.Box 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
The Independenta/Evriali marine incident in 1979 was one of the major disasters in the Sea of Marmara and Istanbul Strait due to its fire, oil spill, air pollution and explosion. Collision of the two ships caused significant economic and ecological damages particularly for fisheries in the above area. After the incident 15 fishery cooperatives were compensated with the total amount of 350,000,000 TL, equivalent to 291,500 USD, due to loss of fisheries income, damage of fishing nets, fishing boats and pollution of the marine environment. This amount was divided among those fisheries cooperatives in 1988 after the court decision.
Keywords: Marine incident, oil spill, Istanbul Strait, fishing damage, compensation