Preliminary assessment of the effect of dietary Pelargonium sidoides extract on the haematological profile of common carp, Cyprinus carpio Linneaus, 1758
Funda Turan, Armağan Gezer
Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Iskenderun Technical University, P.O. Box: 31200 Iskenderun, Hatay, TURKEY
A preliminary study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the Pelargonium sidoides extract on the haematological profile of common carp, Cyprinus carpio. The fish (mean body weight 0.67±0.05 g) were fed with experimental diets prepared by using the supplementation of P. sidoides extract (0, 1, 3 and 5 ml 100 g-1) for 90 days. The highest hemoglobin concentration was registered in 3 ml 100 g-1 P. sidoides extract-supplemented diet (10.50±0.45 g l-1) and 5 ml 100 g-1 P. sidoides extract-supplemented diet (11.02±0.20 g l-1). Among the P. sidoides extract-supplemented groups, the highest white blood cell values were also found in 5 ml 100 g-1 P. sidoides extract-supplemented diet (28.98±1.62 G l-1). The highest values of mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (P < 0.05) were detected in 5 ml 100 g-1 P. sidoides extract-supplemented diet. Red blood cell, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin levels were not affected by any of the experimental diets (P>0.05). The results of the present work have demonstrated that P. sidoides extract-based diet affect basic haematological profile of common carp.
Keywords: Common carp, Cyprinus carpio, Pelargonium sidoides, haematological profile