Water exchange in the Golden Horn
Bedri Alpar, Hüseyin Yüce, Ahmet Türker
Istanbul University, Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, Marine Geology and Geophysics Department, Vefa, lstanbul, TURKEY
Gemi Sanayi A.S. Tophane, Istanbul, TURKEY
Department of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography, Çubuklu, Istanbul, TURKEY
The water circulation in the Golden Horn estuary is mainly dominated by coupling with the flow in the Strait of Istanbul, which is subject, depending on the atmospheric factors and the water budget, to many nonlinear transient variances such as temporary blocking of the flows in either direction. The present paper describes observations of the water mass structure and circulation in the Golden Horn on the basis of recent oceanographic data.
Keywords: Golden Horn, current, sea level, water exchange