Brief overview of fisheries management in the Black Sea: Türkiye and EU member states

Brief overview of fisheries management in the Black Sea: Türkiye and EU member states

Nazlı Demirel, M. İdil Öz, Onur Gönülal

ORCID IDs: N.D. 0000-0003-4542-9276; M.İ.Ö. 0000-0001-9235-7530; O.G. 0000-0002-5559-3953

Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, Istanbul University, 34134, Fatih, Istanbul, TÜRKIYE
Vocational School of Marine Technologies, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17000, Merkez, Çanakkale, TÜRKIYE
Faculty of Aquatic Sciences, Istanbul University, 34134, Fatih, Istanbul, TÜRKIYE


The Black Sea is divided into six Exclusive Economic Zones for each of the bordering countries. This study offers a brief evaluation of fisheries management in the Black Sea, focusing on the divergent approaches of Türkiye and EU member states, Bulgaria and Romania. It highlights the common challenges of managing shared fishery resources in a region characterized by varied regulatory frameworks and policies. EU’s Common Fisheries Policy claims a unified approach for member states where Türkiye follows an independent path, reflective of its unique geopolitical stance. The need for cross-border cooperation and knowledge exchange are underscored to effectively manage the semi-enclosed and transboundary nature of the Black Sea. In addition, the role of the EU funds in supporting sustainable fisheries practices and the constitution of regional cooperation are also briefly assessed. The high number of ongoing initiatives prioritizing sustainable utilization of the Black Sea is determined to be the demonstrations of the collective effort of the countries toward sustainable marine resource management. The study concludes that the effectiveness of any initiatives depends on the extent of collaboration among all Black Sea countries and a cooperative, science-based approach is essential for the long-term sustainability of the marine ecosystems and fisheries in the Black Sea.

Keywords: Fisheries policy, sustainability, regional cooperation, Romania, Bulgaria, Türkiye

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