Notes on the occurrence of smalltooth sandtiger shark, Odontaspis ferox (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae) from Antalya Bay, eastern Mediterranean, Turkey

Hakan Kabasakal, Erdi Bayrı

Ichthyological Research Society, Tantavi mah., Menteşoğlu cad., İdil apt., No: 30, D: 4, 34764 Ümraniye, İstanbul, TURKEY


On 11 March 2019, a female specimen of Odontaspis ferox, was incidentally caught by a commercial bottom trawler, towed at the depths between 100 to 120 m, in Antalya Bay. Total length of the specimen was 400 cm. Based on the recent Red List assessment of Mediterranean elasmobranchs, O. ferox is a rare and endangered shark species. Capture of the mature females creates a significant threat to the survival of the species. Therefore, promoting fishermen to release live specimens, appears to be an urgent, feasible first step in the protection of this rare shark in Turkish waters.

Keywords: Smalltooth sandtiger shark, endangered, incidental catch, Levantine Basin

pdf-dl icon


Bilecenoğlu, M., Kaya, M., Cihangir, B., Çiçek, E. (2014) An updated checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 38: 901-929.

Cavanagh, R. D., Gibson, C. (2007) Overview of the Conservation Status of Cartilaginous Fishes (Chondrichthyans) in the Mediterranean Sea. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Malaga, Spain.

Compagno, L.J.V. (2001) Sharks of the World. An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Shark Species Known to Date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO.

Corsini-Foka, M. (2009) Uncommon fishes from Rhodes and nearby marine region (SE Aegean Sea, Greece). Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki 12: 125-133.

Damalas, D., Megalofonou, P. (2012) Occurrences of large sharks in the open waters of the southeastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Natural History 46: 2701-2723.

Fergusson, I.K., Graham, K.J., Compagno, L.J.V. (2008) Distribution, abundance and biology of the smalltooth sandtiger shark Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810) (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 81: 207-228.

Golani, D., Öztürk, B., Başusta, N. (2006) The Fishes of the Eastern Mediterranean. Turkish Marine Research Foundation, Istanbul, Turkey.

Graham, K.J., Pollard, D.A., Gordon, I., Williams, S., Flaherty, A.A., Fergusson, I., Dicken, M. (2016) Odontaspis ferox (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T41876A103433002. Available at:

Kabasakal, H. (2002) Elasmobranch species of the seas of Turkey. Annales Series Historia Naturalis 12: 15-22.

Lipej, L., De Maddalena, A., Soldo, A. (2004) Sharks of the Adriatic Sea. Knjižnica Annales Majora, Koper, Slovenia.

Serena, F. (2005) Field Identification Guide to the Sharks and Rays of the Mediterranean and Black Sea. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, FAO, Rome.

Sperone, E., Parise, G., Leone, A., Milazzo, C., Circosta, V., Santoro, G., Paolillo, G., Micarelli, P., Tripepi, S. (2012) Spatiotemporal patterns of distribution of large predatory sharks in Calabria (central Mediterranean, southern Italy). Acta Adriatica 53: 13-24.

Storai, T., Cristo, B., Zuffa, M., Zinzula, L., Floris A., Campanile, A.T. (2006) The Sardinian large elasmobranch database. Cybium 30: 141-144.