Chemical composition of the essential oil of sea fennel seed (Crithmum maritimum L.) from Turkey

Chemical composition of the essential oil of sea fennel seed (Crithmum maritimum L.) from Turkey

 Funda Turan, M. Kemal Sangun, Ayşegül Ergenler

Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Iskenderun Technical University, Iskenderun, Hatay, TURKEY
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Hatay Mustafa Kemal, Hatay, TURKEY

 ORCID IDs: F.T. 0000-0002-0257-6009; M.K.S. 0000-0001-5023-3935; A.E. 0000-0001-9186-3909


This study was carried out to determine the essential oil composition of the sea fennel, Crithmum maritimum seed collected from Arsuz, Hatay (Turkey). The components of the essential oil were identified through GC/MS. The identity of 23 compounds of the essential oil was confirmed and their relative proportion was determined. The yield of essential oil was found 0.6%. Monoterpenic hydrocarbons: sabinene (43.29%), p-cymene (13.27%), α-phellandrene (13.16%), α-pinene (10.58%) and γ-terpinene (10.56%) were major compounds in essential oil of sea fennel seed. Sabinene has the highest percentage composition in the C. maritimum seed essential oil (43.29%). It is suggested that the sea fennel seed can be used as a trading source for commercial cultivation and potential medicinal uses of C.maritimum in Turkey.

Keywords: Sea fennel, Crithmum maritimum, essential oils, GC/MS

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