The bio-ecological and genetic characteristics of sand steenbras (Lithognathus mormyrus) in the Black Sea

The bio-ecological and genetic characteristics of sand steenbras (Lithognathus mormyrus) in the Black Sea

Nazlı Kasapoğlu, Ekrem Cem Çankırılıgil, Zehra Duygu Düzgüneş, Eyüp Çakmak, Oğuzhan Eroğlu

ORCID IDs: N.K. 0000-0001-5526-778X; E.C.Ç. 0000-0001-5898-4469; Z.D.D. 0000-0001-6243-4101; E.Ç. 0000-0003-3075-9862; O.E. 0000-0003-4046-6289

Department of Fisheries Management, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, TURKEY
Department of Aquaculture, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, TURKEY
Department of Breeding and Genetic, Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, TURKEY
Directorate of Provincial Agriculture and Forestry, Kocasinan/Kayseri, TURKEY


The sand steenbras (Lithognathus mormyrus L., 1758) are generally distributed in the Mediterranean Sea, and it is not yet commercially crucial for the Black Sea fisheries. Although L. mormyrus are caught by fishermen with increasing amounts in recent years, there is a lack of information on the subject of biological features of the Black Sea species. In this study, length-weight distribution, morphologic and meristic features, age, sex distribution (according to histological examination), and genetic characteristics of L. mormyrus in the Black Sea were examined. Besides, the genetic analysis showed a significant level of genetic differentiation between three populations (Black Sea, Mediterranean and Aegean Sea) and populations.

Keywords: Lithognathus mormyrus, sand steenbras, Black Sea, growth, genetic

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