Editor’s Note to the issue dedicated to the Finike Seamounts (Anaximander) Special Environmental Protection Area, the eastern Mediterranean Sea

Editor’s Note to the issue dedicated to the Finike Seamounts (Anaximander) Special Environmental Protection Area, the eastern Mediterranean Sea

Bayram Öztürk

ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7844-2448

Faculty of Aquatic Sciences, Istanbul University, Onaltı Mart Şehitleri Cad. No: 2, 34134, Fatih, Istanbul, TÜRKİYE
Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), P.O. Box: 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TÜRKİYE


The Finike Seamounts (Anaximander) area was designated as the Special Environmental Protection Area (SEPA) in 2013 by the Turkish government to protect its unique biodiversity components such as rich benthic communities, vulnerable deep sea species and highly migratory species. As the area is not totally inside the territorial waters of Türkiye, this initiative can facilitate and be beneficial for transboundary cooperation in terms of conservation for highly mobile and vulnerable species such as sea turtles, bluefin tuna, seabirds, and cetaceans. Besides, it can be included in the Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (SPAMI) list under the Barcelona Convention in order to promote bilateral cooperation with the neighbouring countries. Designation as one of the Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs) under the Convention of Biological Diversity is also another option for marine conservation in this region. Finally, the Finike Seamounts SEPA needs a long-term scientific monitoring study to understand both the benthic and pelagic components of its biodiversity. The surveys in 2021 initiated such a study and the papers published in this issue of the journal (Vol.28 No.2) as the results of 2021 surveys provide the baseline data of the Finike Seamounts SEPA to be referred and evaluated for the coming years.

Keywords: Finike Seamounts (Anaximander), marine biodiversity, marine conservation, Special Environmental Protection Area

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Akkaya, A., Awbery, T., Lyne, P., Yalçın, D.G., Usta, C. (2022) The importance of long-term monitoring of cetaceans in the data deficient regions of the Mediterranean Sea. 33rd Conference of the European Cetacean Society, 43pp.

Akkaya, A., Lyne, P., Schulz, X., Awbery, T., Capitain, S., Rosell, B.F.,Yıldırım, B., lkılınç, C., Vigliano Relva, J., Clark, H., van Walsum, L., Gordon, J. (2020) Preliminary results of cetacean sightings in the eastern Mediterranean Sea of Turkey. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 26(1): 26-47.

Aksu, A.E., Hall, J., Yaltırak, C. (2009) Miocene–recent evolution of Anaximander Mountains and Finike Basin at the junction of Hellenic and Cyprus Arcs, eastern Mediterranean. Marine Geology 258(1-4): 24-47.

Akyol, O., Ceyhan, T. (2017) Annual catch diary (2014-2015) of a swordfish fishing vessel in Fethiye region (Mediterranean). Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences 3(1): 8-14.

Alder, J., Wood, L. (2012) Managing and protecting seamounts ecosystems. Fisheries Centre Research Report 12(5): 67-74.

Algan, N. (2019) Protection of High Seas and the Mediterranean Sea. In: Governance and Protection of the High Seas beyond National Jurisdiction, (eds., Algan. N., Gönülal, O.), TUDAV Publication no: 50, pp. 31-58. (in Turkish)

Awbery, T., Akkaya, A., Lyne, P., Rudd, L., Hoogenstrijd, G., Nedelcu, M., Kniha, D., Erdoğan, M.A., Persad, C., Amaha Öztürk, A., Öztürk, B. (2022) Spatial distribution and encounter rates of delphinids and deep diving cetaceans in the eastern Mediterranean Sea of Turkey and the extent of overlap with areas of dense marine traffic. Frontiers in Marine Science 9: 860242.

Blake, J.A., Ramey-Balci, P.A. (2020) A new genus and species of spionid polychaete (Annelida, Spionidae) from a deep-water cold seep site in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea off Turkey. Zoosymposia 19(1): 121-134.

Charlou, J.L., Donval, J.P., Zitter, T., Roy, N., Jean-Baptiste, P., Foucher, J.P., Woodside, J., Party, M.S. (2003) Evidence of methane venting and geochemistry of brines on mud volcanoes of the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 50(8): 941-958.

Dede, A., Saad, A., Fakhri, M., Öztürk, B. (2012) Cetacean sightings in the eastern Mediterranean Sea during the cruise in summer 2008. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 18(1): 49-57.

Medioni, F.A. (2003) Sources of Energy for Deep Sea Benthos in Mediterranean mud Volcanoes. In: Mare Incognitum? Exploring Mediterranean Deep-sea Biology, (ed., Briand, F.), CIESM Workshop, Monograph no. 23, pp.77-80.

Morato, T., Kvile, K. Ø., Taranto, G. H., Tempera, F., Narayanaswamy, B. E., Hebbeln, D., Pitcher, T. J. (2013) Seamount physiography and biology in the north-east Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Biogeosciences 10(5): 3039-3054.

Olu-Le Roy, K., Sibuet, M., Fiala-Médioni, A., Gofas, S., Salas, C., Mariotti, A., Woodside, J. (2004) Cold seep communities in the deep eastern Mediterranean Sea: composition, symbiosis and spatial distribution on mud volcanoes. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 51(12): 1915-1936.

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Öztürk, B. (2009) Marine protected areas in the high seas of the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean Seas, some proposals. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 15: 69-82.

Öztürk, B., Rovere, M., Würtz, M. (2015) Seamounts and Seamount-like Structures of the Eastern Mediterranean. In: Atlas of the Mediterranean Seamounts and Seamount-Like Structures, (eds., Marzia R., Maurizio, W.), IUCN, Malaga, Spain, pp. 59-110.

Öztürk, B. Topçu, N.E, Keskin. Ç. (2012a) SPAMI proposals for Finike (Anaximander) and Mediterranean (Erathosthenes) Seamounts in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. In: Proceedings of the 2012 Forum of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean, 25-28 November 2012, Marseille.

Öztürk, B., Topcu, E.N., Topaloglu, B. (2010) A preliminary study on two seamounts in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Rapport de la Commission International pour l’Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Méditerranée 39: 682.

Öztürk, B., Topçu, E., Topaloglu, B. (2012b) The Submarine Canyons of the Rhodes Basin and the Mediterranean Coast of Turkey. In: Mediterranean Submarine Canyons: Ecology and Governance, (ed., Wurtz, M.), IUCN, Gland and Malaga, pp. 65-71.

Pitcher, T.J., Morato, T., Stocks, K.I., Clark, M.R. (2010) Seamount Ecosystem Evaluation Framework (SEEF): A tool for global seamount research and data synthesis. Oceanography 23(1): 123-125.

Raineault, N.A., Ramey-Balci, P.A., Shank, T.M., Bors, E., Duman, M., Ürkmez, D., Tüzün, S. (2013) Exploration of the Anaximander Mountains: mud volcanoes, cold-seep communities, and cold water corals. Oceanography (supplement) 26(1): 30-35.

Ürkmez, D. (2021) Finike (Anaximander) Seamounts: An Overview E/V Nautilus Expedition Meiobenthic Communities in Cold Seep Areas. In: Extreme Marine Environments of Turkey, (eds., Öztürk, H., Alkan, G.), TUDAV Publication no: 50. pp. 40-51 (in Turkish).

Woodside, J. M., David, L., Frantzis, A., Hooker, S. K. (2006) Gouge marks on deep-sea mud volcanoes in the eastern Mediterranean: caused by Cuvier’s beaked whales? Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 53(11): 1762-1771.

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