Oil contamination of Mytillus galloprovincialis after the Nassia Accident
Kasım Cemal Güven, Selma Ünlü, Erdoğan Okuş, Ertuğrul Doğan
Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, University of Istanbul, 34470 Vefa, Istanbul, TURKEY
Oil accumulation in mussels was investigated after the Nassia oil tanker accident on the Istanbul Strait by applying UVF and GC/MS analysis methods. Pristane and phytane ratio was used to distinguish the sources of pollution. Amounts of oil varied from 5 to 250 µg/g in three surveys. The analysis results revealed that contamination originated from the oil spilts from the tanker involved in the accident.
Keywords : Oil pollution, Nassia accident, mussel, UVF, GC/MS analysis
Ahel, M. (1984) Petroleum hydrocarbon pollution in the Rijeka Bay determined by Fluorescence spectroscopy and gas chromatography. VII Journees etud. Pollution. Lucerne. C.I.E.S.M.
Ehrhardt, G.M., Burns. K.A. (1992) Hydrocarbons and related photo-oxidation products in Saudi Arabian Gulf Coastal Waters and hydrocarbons in underlysing sediments and bioindicator bivalves. Mar. Poll. Bull. 27 pp. 187-197.
Goldberg, E.D. (1976) The health of the oceans. The Unesco Press. Paris. p.119.
Lee, R.F., Sauerheber, R. and Benson, A.A. (1972) Science 177 pp. 344-346.
Mironov, O.G. (1991) Hydrocarbons in the Black Sea ecosystem. ln Proceeding of the Black Sea Symposium (K.C. Güven. ed.). published by Karadeniz Egitim, Kültür ve Çevre Vakfı. Acar Matbaası 1994, pp. 92-100.
Morris, R.J. and Gulkin. F. (1975) Hydrocarbon in the marine environment. In: Environmental Chemistry vol. 1. The Chemical Society. Burlington House, London, pp.81-108
NAS (1975) Petroleum in the marine environment. Washington. D.C., National Academy of Science p. 107
Ogüzülgen, S. (1995) The importance of pilotage services in the Turkish Straits for the protection of life property and the environment. In Turkish Straits, New problems, New solutions (I. Soysal. ed.). Isis Ltd. Beylerbeyi. İstanbul.
Shechekaturina. T.L. (1991). In Polikarpov, G.G., Zaitsev, Yu.P., Zats, V.l. and Radchenko, L.A. Pollution of the Black Sea (Levels and Sources) ln: Proceedings of the Black Sea Symposium 16-18 Sept. 1991 İstanbul. (K.C. Güven. ed.). Karadeniz Egitim, Kültür ve Çevre Koruma Vakfı. Acar Matbaası 1994. pp. 15-42
Tibbetts, P.J.C. and Large, R. (1988) Improvements in oil Fingerprinting: GC/HRMS of sulfur heterocycles. Petroanalysis 87, 45-57.