A method for hydrogen sulfide removal in air of submarine by Lewatit TP 208

Kasım Cemal Güven, Nazım Çubukçu

Istanbul Aydın University, Inönü Cad., 40, Sefaköy, Istanbul, TURKEY
Göktürk Merkez Mah. Gül Sok. 4, Eyüp, Istanbul, TURKEY


In this paper is proposed a method to remove the hydrogen sulfide in air of submarine. This method is based on the absorption of hydrogen sulfide by Lewatit TP 208. Soda lime cartilage is commonly used in submarine for removing of moisture and carbon dioxide in air. In this process soda lime cartilage was combined with Lewatit TP 208. The amount of Lewatit TP 208 required for 710 mair of submarine was 11 kg. The problem for submarine is hydrogen sulfide contents of seawater during in submerged condition. The proposal technique can remove of moisture and hydrogen sulfide in air of submarine. This process is the first record to remove the hydrogen sulfide in air of submarine.

Keywords: Hydrogen sulfide, toxicity, in air, Lewatit TP 208, submarine air

pdf-dl icon


Bagarinao, T. and Vetter, R.D. (1989). Sulfide tolerance and detoxification in shallow-water marine fishes. Marine Biol. 103: 291-302.

Beaver, W.C. (1958). General Biology, C.V. Mosby Comp. St. Louis. p.651.

Cohn, P.D., Cox, M. and Berger, P.S. Health and a esthetic aspects of water quality. In: Water Quality and Treatment (ed. R. Letterman) Technical ed. Fifth edition. Mc Graw- Hill. Inc NewYork, 1999. Chapter 2, p.70.

Danilchenko and Chigirin (1926). Cited by A.E. Kriss In: Marine Microbiology, (Translated by J.M.Shewan and Z. Kabata). Oliver & Boyd. Edinburg 1963, p.258.

Ehret, W. E. (1960). College Chemistry. Appleton-Century- Crafts, Inc. New York. p.494.

Fisher, U. (1988). Sulfur in Biotechnology. In: Biotechnology (H-J. Rehm. ed.). Vol. 6 b. Chapter 15. Special Microbial Process. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Weinheim, Germany. pp 463-495.

Fukushi, K. and Hiiro, K. (1987). Determination of sulfide in sea water by capillary isotachophoresis. J. Chromatogr. 393: 433-440.

Ichinose, N., Nakomura, K. and Shimizu, C. (1984). Gas chromatographic determination of hydrogen sulphide in anoxic waters. J. Chromatogr. 292: 393- 401.

Klaassen, C.D., Amdur, M.O. and Doull, J. (1986). Casarett and Doull`s Toxicology. MacMillan Publ. Comp. Toronto, London. pp 241-242.

Kriss, A.E. (1963). Marine Microbiology (Translated by J.M.Shewan and Z. Kabata). Oliver and Boyd, Edinburg p. 51.

Metcalf and Eddy (2004). Waste water engineering, Mc Graw-Hill. Boston, pp 1662-1666.

Neretin, L.N. (1996). Contemporary state of hydrogen sulfide zone in the Black Sea. Ph. D. Moscow, cited in ref. (Neretin 2003).

Neretin, L.N. (2003). The Black Sea sulfide inventory, distribution, sources and budget. Workshop. A glance to the Black Sea. The Black Sea Foundation for Education Culture and Protection of Nature, 31 Oct., Istanbul.

Neretin, L.N. and Volkov, I.I. (1995 a). On the vertical distribution of hydrogen sulfide in deep waters of the Black Sea. Okeanologiya 35: 60-65.

Neretin, L.N. and Volkov, I.I. (1995 b). The calculation of hydrogen sulfide production in the Black Sea based on total inorganic carbon content. Doklady Earth Sciences 365 A: 398-401.

Sax, N.I. (1984). Dangerous properties of industrial materials. Van NostrandReinhold, New York. p.1552

Sorokin, Yu, I. (1972). The bacterial population and the process of hydrogen sulfide oxidation in the Black Sea. J. Conseil. Intern. expl. Mer. 34: 423-464.

Sorokin, Yu, I. (1983). The Black Sea In: Ecosystem of the world. Vol. 26. Estuaries and Enclosed Seas. Elsevier, Armsterdam, pp 253-292.

Standard Methods (1995).19th Edition. (A. D. Eaton, L. S. Celesceri, A.E. Greenberg, Eds.) American Public Health Ass. Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Volkov, I.I. (1991). Hydrogen sulfide problem in the Black Sea In: Proceeding of the Black Sea Symposium 16-18 September (ed. K.C. Güven) Published by the Black Sea Foundation for Education, Culture and Protection of Nature. Printed in 1994 Istanbul, Turkey. pp 361-362.

Vyazilov, E. and Mikhailov, N. (1999). History of expeditionary studies and information resources for the Black Sea and Mediterranean Seas. Inter. Conference Oceanography of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea, 23- 26 Feb. Athene, Greece, pp 118-199.