OIL INPUT OF SURFACE WATER OF THE TURKISH RIVERS FLOW TO THE BLACK SEA IN 2005-200709/05/2018
Oil input of surface water of the Turkish rivers flow to the Black Sea in 2005-2007
Kasım Cemal Güven, Burak Çoban
Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), 34820, Beykoz-Istanbul, TURKEY
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak, TURKEY
In this work, the oil input of the Turkish rivers’ surface water flow to the Black Sea was investigated during the years of 2005-2007. The maximum oil amount in surface water (µg/l) was found in 2005 for Filyos 253.16, Sakarya 484.96, Yeşilırmak 628.20 and Kızılırmak 721.63. In total input of oil (t) to the Black Sea from the surface water of Turkish rivers was calculated in 2005: 2031.65, in 2006: 801.35, in 2007: 633.77. There is no report on annual input of oil from the rivers flowing to the Black Sea in the other countries. Therefore it is difficult to compare of the oil input to the Black Sea from Turkish rivers and those from other rivers. These results showed that the oil pollution of the rivers must be continuously surveyed.
Keywords: Oil input, surface water, Turkish rivers, the Black Sea
Altman, Z.N., Kumysh, N.I. (1986) Multi-year and annual variability of the Black Sea fresh water balance. Materials of State Oceanographic Institute 176: 3-16.
Anon. (1941) ‘Summary of the Hydrographical Results Concerning the Bosphorus and Dardanelles’. Hydrographic Dept. Translation of pages 222 et seq of the Merz/Möller treatise of April 1928.
Balcioglu, E.B., Ozturk, B. (2009) Oil pollution in the surface water of Sakarya River. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 15: 99-108.
Black Sea Environmental Program (BSEP) (1997) Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (Ed. L.D. Mee) United Nations Publications, New York, 142pp.
EEA. (2002) The rivers of the Black Sea (Technical report No:71) European Environment Agency, Copenhagen (accessed February 2012). http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/technical_report_2002_71
Fashchuk, D.Ya. (1998) Anthropogenic load on the basins of the Black and Azov Seas (Geographic-Environmental Approach). Water Resources 25(6): 639-654.
Fashchuk, D.Ya., Krylov, V.I., Ieroklis, M.K. (1996) Pollution of the Black Sea and Azov Seas by oil films (based on data of aerial observations from 1981- 1990). Water Resources 23(3): 332-346.
Fashchuk, D.Ya., Samyshevi, E.Z., Sebakh, L.K., Shlyakhov, V.A. (1991) Forms of anthropogenic impact on the Black Sea ecosystem and is modern site Ekologia Morya, 38: 19-27.
Fashchuk, D.Ya., Shaporenko, S.I. (1995) Pollution of the Black Sea coastal waters: sources, present-day level, annual variability. Water Resources 22(3): 250-259.
Guven, K.C. (2006) Oil pollution in the Black Sea and Turkish Straits. In: The Turkish Straits Marine Safety, Legal and Environmental Aspects, (Eds., N. Oral, 133 B. Öztürk) Turkish Marine Foundation Research Publication, Istanbul No:25, pp. 135-160.
Guven, K.C., Cubukcu, N., Iptes, M., Ozyalvac, M., Cumali, S., Neimigil, F., Yalcin, A. (2008) Oil and detergent pollution in surface waters and sediments of the Istanbul Strait, Golden Horn, Izmit Bay (Sea of Marmara), Çanakkale Strait, Ali Ağa (Aegean Sea) in 2005-2007. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 14: 205-220.
Mandych, A.F., Shaporenko, S.I. (1992) Influence of the economic activities on coasts upon the coastal waters of the Black Sea. GeoJournal, 27: 195-206.
Meydan Larousse (1986) Milliyet Newspaper and Publishing Co. (in Turkish)
Mironov, O.G. (1994) Hydrocarbons in the Black Sea ecosystem. In: Proceedings of the Black Sea Symposium, 16-18 Sept. 1991, Istanbul, Turkey (ed. K.C.Güven) The Black Sea Foundation for Education, Culture and Protection of Nature, Istanbul.
Oradovskii, S.G., Afanas’eva, N.A., Ivanova, T.A., Matveichuk, I.G. (1997) Assesment of the trends of the chemical pollution level in the Russian Basins of the Caspian, Black and Azov Seas. Oceanology 37(6): 776-781.
Piescu, V. (1998) Ếtat De la pollution avec hydrocarbures dans la zone cỏtière Roumaine de la Mer Noire. Cercetari Marine 31: 165-174.
Polikarpov, G.G., Zaitsev, Yu.P., Zats, V.I., Radchenko, L.A. (1991) Pollution of the Black Sea (levels and sources). In: Proceedings of the Black Sea Symposium, 16-18 Sept. 1991, Istanbul, Turkey (ed. K.C.Güven) The Black Sea Foundation for Education, Culture and Protection of Nature, Istanbul.
Shaporenko, S.I. (1997) Pollution of coastal seawater in Russia. Water Resources 24(3): 294-301.