Historical records of cetacean fishery in the Turkish seas
Arda M. Tonay, Ayaka Amaha Öztürk
Faculty of Fisheries, Istanbul University, Ordu St. No: 200, 34470 Laleli, Istanbul, TURKEY
Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV) Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
In this study, the publications on cetacean (bottlenose dolphin, common dolphin and harbour porpoise) fisheries in the Turkish Seas are reviewed. The cetacean fishery began in ancient time in Anatolia and continued for over 2300 years, until 1983 when the fishery was banned in Turkey. In the 20th century it was increased, especially in the 1950’s and 1970’s, on the eastern Turkish Black Sea coast because of the Meat and Fish Institution (EBK) Fish Meal and Oil Factory established in Trabzon in 1952 and modernized in 1962. The produced oil was used domestically as well as exported. Presently, all cetaceans are under the legal protection in the Turkish waters.
Keywords: Cetacean fishery, dolphin fishery, hunting
Acara, A. (1965) Evaluation of Black Sea dolphins in the industry. Hidrobiyoloji Mecmuası. Istanbul University Hydrobiology Research Institute Publications Vol 3, No 1, Istanbul (in Turkish).
And, M. (2011) Istanbul in 16th Century. City, Palace, Daily life. Yapı Kredi Publications, Istanbul, 320 p (in Turkish).
Arpa, H. (2012) Short stories about fishmen and fisheries from Yakakent. Yakakent Municipality Culture Publications, Samsun, 328 p (in Turkish).
Başgelen, N. (Ed.) 2012 Geographika, Strabon, XII, 3. Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları. pp. 29 (in Turkish).
Berkes, F. (1977) Turkish dolphin fisheries. Oryx Journal of the Fauna Preservation Society, London 14 (2): 163-167.
Bijiskyan, M.P. (1817-1819) History of Pontos. Translated by H.D. Andreasyan. History and Geography of the Black Sea Coast. Publication of Istanbul University, Faculty of Literature, No: 1411, Istanbul (1969). 132 p. (in Turkish)
Bilge, İ. (1972) Region of Aegean. Fish and Fisheries 20 (4): 33 (in Turkish).
Birkun, A. Jr. (2006) Black Sea Cetaceans: an overview of research and conservation aspects. Abstract book of the Black Sea Ecosystem 2005 and Beyond. 1st Biannual Scientific Conference. 8-10 May 2006, Istanbul, Turkey. Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution pp. 110-113.
Birkun, A. Jr. (2008) The state of cetacean populations. (ed. T. Oğuz), State of the Environment of the Black Sea (2001-2006/7). Publication of the Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (BSC), Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 365-395.
Bjørge, A., Brownell Jr, R.L., Donovan, G.P., Perrin, W.F. (1994) Significant direct and incidental catches of small cetaceans. (eds., W.F. Perrin, G.P. Donovan, J. Barlow) Gillnets and Cetaceans. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue) 15, Cambridge, 629 p.
Deveciyan, K. (1926) Fish and Fisheries in Turkey. (Republished in 2006 by Aras Yayıncılık, Istanbul (in Turkish). Fish and Fisheries (1958) State of world fisheries. Publication of EBK, 6 (1): 9 (in Turkish)
Fish and Fisheries (1961) Cover photo. Publication of EBK, Vol 9, No 7-8.
Fish and Fisheries (1964) Cover photo. Publication of EBK, Vol 12, No 12.
Fish and Fisheries (1965) State of world fisheries. Publication of EBK, Vol 13, No 2,8,9. (in Turkish)
Fish and Fisheries (1966) State of world fisheries. Publication of EBK, Vol 14, No 3,5,8. (in Turkish)
Fish and Fisheries (1970) News. Publication of EBK, 18 (3): 45.
Fish and Fisheries (1975) Publication of EBK, 23 (2): 36.
Hacıfettahoğlu, İ. (2001) History of Trabzon, Şakir Şevket. Trabzon Municipality, Culture Publications, pp. 96 (in Turkish).
Kahraman, S.A., Dağlı, Y. (2003) Evliya Çelebi Seyahatnamesi: Istanbul in today’s Turkish. Yapı Kredi Publication, Istanbul, 423 p (in Turkish).
Nümann, W. (1952) Turkish Fisheries in Eastern Black Sea Region. Balık ve Balıkçılık. Istanbul University Hydrobiology Research Institute Publications, Vol: 1, No: 4 (in Turkish).
Onar, V., Pazvant, G., Armutak, A., Alpak, H., Karamut, I., Gökçay, M. (2008a). Preliminary examination report of animal skeleton remains found during Metro and Marmaray excavations. Istanbul Archeology Museum, Proc. of 1st Symposium of Metro-Marmaray Rescue Excavations, 5-6 May 2008. GülhaneIstanbul, pp. 223-231 (in Turkish).
Onar, V., Pazvant, G., Armutak, A. (2008b). The results of radiocarbon dating of animal skeleton remains found during Metro and Marmaray excavations. Istanbul Archeology Museum, Proc. of 1st Symposium of Metro-Marmaray Rescue Excavations, 5-6 May 2008. Gülhane-İstanbul, pp. 249-256 (in Turkish).
Onat, S. (1954). April fool. Fish and Fisheries. 2 (2-3): 1 (in Turkish).
Öksüz, S., Kol, H., Yilmaz, E. (2005) Strange and tragic job: Civra’s dolphin hunters. Boat Magazine, Sürmene Gymnasium, 1: 9-14 (in Turkish).
Öztürk, B. (1996) Whales and Dolphins, Introduction to Cetology. Anahtar Kitapları Yayınevi, Istanbul. 136 p (in Turkish).
Öztürk, A.A., Öztürk, B., Tonay, A.M., Kececi, M. (2004) History of dolphin fishery in the Turkish Black Sea during 1970-1983. Marine Mammals of the Holarctic, Koktebel, Crimea, Ukraine, pp. 438-439.
Slastenenko, E.P. (1955) Black Sea Dolphins. Translated by Altan, H. Hidrobiologi Mecmuası, Istanbul University Hydrobiology Research Institute Publications Serial A, III (2): 68-89 (in Turkish).
Sönmez O. (2010) Lighthouses. Türkiye İş Bankası Culture Publications, Istanbul. 295 p. (in Turkish)
Tekin, O. (2010) Fish and Fisheries in Istanbul in Ancient Time. Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları. 72 p (in Turkish).
Tezel, R. (1958) Dolphins that cannot be seen in the Strait, Fish and Fisheries. Publication of EBK, Vol 6, No 1 (in Turkish).
Tournefort, J.P. (1717) A Voyage into the Levant. London (1741), Vol III, 545p.
Xenophon. (1998) Anabasis. Translated by Tanju Gökçöl, Sosyal Yayınlar. Istanbul. 269 p (in Turkish).
Yel, M., Özdemar, E., Amaha, A., Miyazaki, N. (1996) Some aspects of dolphin fishery on the Turkish Coast of the Black Sea. In: (ed., B. Öztürk), Proceedings of the First International Symposium on the Marine Mammals of the Black Sea, İstanbul, pp. 31-40.
Zengin, M. (2008) Black Sea dolphin fishery. Yunus Research Bulletin. SUMAE, Trabzon. 8 (1): 8-12 (in Turkish).
Zengin, M. (2011) Traces of past trawling in Samsun. Symposium of Samsun 13-16 October 2011, pp. 1-8 (in Turkish).