Fucoxanthin of the brown alga Cystoseira barbata (Stackh.) C. Agardh from the Black Sea

Vitaly I. Ryabushko, Alexander V. Prazukin, Elena V. Popova, Mikhail V. Nekhoroshev

A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, 2 Nakhimov ave., Sevastopol 99011, Crimea, UKRAINE


Quantitative determination of fucoxanthin was made in the ontogenetic series of 1st order branches of the brown alga Cystoseira barbata (Stackh.) C. Agardh growing in upper sublittoral zone of Martyn Bay (Black Sea coast of Crimea). The greatest content (3 mg/g dry mass) was characteristic of the branches 2 – 3 months old. Total amount of this carotenoid which natural Cystoseira can hold is evaluated from 508 to 1810 mg per square meter of the sea bed.

Keywords: Brown alga, Cystoseira, fucoxanthin, Black Sea

pdf-dl icon


Abidov, M., Ramazanov, Z., Seifulla, R., Grachev, S. (2010) The effects of Xanthigen in the weight management of obese premenopausal women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and normal liver fat. Diabetes Obes. Metab. 12: 72– 81.

Blinova, E.I. (1979) Resources of seaweed and herbs in the ocean. In: Biol. resources and their use, Nauka, Moscow, pp. 179-192. (in Russian).

Campbell, S.A. (1969) Seasonal cycles in the carotenoid content in Mytilus edulis. Marine Biol. 4: 227–232.

D’Orazio, N., Gemello, E., Gammone, M., Girolamo, M., Ficoneri, C., Riccioni, G. (2012) Fucoxantin: a treasure from the sea. Mar. Drugs 10 (3): 604–616.

Kalugina-Gutnik, A.A. (1975) Phytobenthos of the Black Sea. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 247 pp. (in Russian).

Kanazawa, K., Ozaki, Y., Hashimoto, T., Das, S.K., Matsushita, S., Hirano, M., Okada, T., Komoto, A., Mori, N., Nakatsuka, M. (2008) Commercial-scale preparation of biofunctional fucoxanthin from waste parts of brown sea algae Laminaria japonica. Food Sci. Technol. Res. 14: 573–582.

Khailov, K.M., Prazukin, A.V., Kovardakov, S.A. (1992) Functional morphology of multicellular marine algae. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 280 pp. (in Russian).

Maksimova, O.V., Lucina, N.P. (2002) Current state of makrofitobentos in the coast of the North Caucasus: the reaction of pfytal zone on eutrophication of the Black Sea basin. In: Integrated studies north-eastern Black Sea, Nauka, Moscow, pp. 297-308. (in Russian).

Mikami, K., Hosokawa, M. (2013) Biosynthetic pathway and health benefits of fucoxanthin, an algae-specific xanthophyll in brown seaweeds. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14: 13763–13781.

Nekhoroshev, M.V. (2000) A method for producing of fucoxanthin from seaweed genus Cystoseira. Patent of Ukraine № 93007292, bul. №1. (in Russian).

Peng, J., Yuan, J., Wu, C., Wang, J.H. (2011) Fucoxanthin, a marine carotenoid present in brown seaweeds and diatoms: metabolism and bioactivities relevant to human health. Mar. Drugs 9: 1806–1828.

Prazukin, A.V. (1983) Phenomenological description of the growth of branches of Cystoseira barbata as the basis of their ontogenesis periodization. Ecology of sea 13: 49-58. (in Russian).

Schoefs, B. (2002) Chlorophyll and carotenoid analysis in food products. Properties of the pigments and methods of analysis. Trends in Food Science and Technol. 13 (11): 361–371.