The presence of Pinna nobilis L. in the Gulf of Neum as an argument for reevaluation of its conservation status in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mirza Celebicic, Muhamed Katica, Nedzad Gradascevic

Stolacka 34, Sarajevo, BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA
University of Sarajevo, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Pathophysiology, BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA
University of Sarajevo, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Radiobiology with Radiation Hygiene, Biophysics & Environmental Protection, BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA


The presence of the Mediterranean endemic bivalvia fan shell Pinna nobilis L. was recorded during a survey that took place in Neum Bay 37 years ago. Since then its presence has only been confirmed once although it is protected by several international protocols. The aim of this research was to collect the data that can be used for a better undersanding and preservation of P. nobilis. An area of 400 m2 was searched for individual shells by SCUBA diving. Five individuals found at a depth ranged between 3 and 9 m. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the only country on the Adriatic Sea that has not protected the fan shell by law. Further surveys must be undertaken as soon as possible, with the proper management of this habitat which hosts P. nobilis.

Keywords: Pinna nobilis, bivalvia, Neum Gulf, conservation, Bosnia and Herzegovina

pdf-dl icon


Bakran-Petricioli, T. (2016) Marine habitats-Manual for inventory and monitoring (in Croatian). 2. Izdanje, Izdavač Hrvatska agencija za okoliš iprirodu. Zagreb, Croatia pp. 91-94.

Butler, A., Vicente, N., Gaulejac, B. (1993) Ecology of the pterioid bivalves Pinna bicolor and Pinna nobilis L. Marine Life 3: 37-45.

Combelles, S., Moreteau J.C., Vicente, N. (1986) Contribution a la connaissance de l’écologie de Pinna nobilis L. (Mollusque: Eulamellibranche). Sci Rep PortCros natl Park 12: 29-43.

EEC (1992) Council directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora. Official Journal of the European Communities, L206, 43.

Gamulin-Brida, H. (1974) Biocoenoses benthiques de la Mer Adriatique. Acta Adriat 15: 3-103.

Garcia-March, J. R., Vicente, N. (2006) Protocol to study and monitor Pinna nobilis populations within marine protected areas. Malta Environment and Planning Authority, MedPAN Project. pp. 17-38.

Hrs-Brenko, M. (1991) Edible bivalves of Adriatic Sea – IV. Fan shell (Pinna nobilis Linnaeus ) (in Croatian). Morsko ribarstvo 2: 47-50.

Hrs-Brenko, M. (1997) The marine bivalve mollusks in the Kornati National Park and the Dugi Otok Natural Park (Adriatic Sea). Period. Biol 99: 381-395.

Schultz, P. W., Huber, M. (2013) Revision of the worldwide recent Pinnidae and some remarks on fossil European Pinnidae. Acta Conc. 13: 1-164.

Šiletić, T., Peharda, M. (2003) Population study of the fan shell Pinna nobilis L. in Malo and Veliko Jezero of the Mljet National Park (Adriatic Sea). Sci Mar 67: 91-98.

Šoljan, T. (1980) Marine fauna of Bosnia and Herzegovina.(in Bosnian). Posebna izdanja, knjiga XLVII, Odjeljenje Prirodnih i matematičkih nauka, knjiga 8. Savjetovanje – Problemi inventarizacije životinjskog svijeta BiH – stanje i
perspektive, pp. 21-32.

UNEP/MAP-SPA/RAC (2018) SAP/ RAC : SPA-BD Protocol – Annex II: List of endangered or threatened species.

Zavodnik, D. (1967) Contribution to the ecology of Pinna nobilis L. (Moll., Bivalvia) in the northern Adriatic. Thalassia Jugosl. 3: 93-103.

Zavodnik, D., Hrs-Brenko, M., Legac, M. (1991) Synopsis on the fan shell Pinna nobilis L. in the eastern Adriatic Sea. In: Les Espèces Marines à Protéger en Méditerranée,. (eds., Boudouresque, C.F., Avon, M., Gravez, V.), Gis Posidonie
Publ. Marseille, pp. 169-178.