Examination of the pollution in the West Black Sea by remote sensing technologies
Ertuğrul Doğan, Cem Gazioğlu, Erdoğan Okuş, I. Ethem Gönenç, Hüseyin Yüce, Zeki Yaşar Yücel
University of Istanbul, Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, No: 1, 34470 Vefa Istanbul, TURKEY
Istanbul Technical University, Civil Engineering Faculty, Department of Environmental Engineering, Ayazağa Campus, Maslak, Istanbul, TURKEY
Turkish Navy, Department of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography, Çubuklu, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
Black Sea has been subjected to various investigations from the 19th century to the present time, due to its unique oceanographic features and geological evolution. It has a surface area of 423 000 km2 (excluding the Azov Sea) and a volume of 547 000 km3 . The Black Sea (BS) is an intercontinental and is almost a miniature ocean with its geological structure. Unlike other seas of the world, the BS shows unique quality and trophic properties. Fortunately, only the upper layer water of the BS is introduced into the Strait of Istanbul (SOI; Bosphorus) and has a significant effect on the quality and trophic conditions of the Marmara Sea (MS). These effects are discussed in the light of data obtained from collaborative efforts of processed satellite images and various research institutions.
Keywords: Black Sea, Danube River, remote sensing, Strait of Istanbul, Marmara Sea