First record of the Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois miles(Bennett, 1828) (Osteichthyes: Scorpaenidae) for the Turkish marine waters

Cemal Turan, Deniz Ergüden, Mevlüt Gürlek, Deniz Yağlıoğlu, Ali Uyan, Necdet Uygur

Marine Sciences and Technology Faculty, Mustafa Kemal University, TR31220 Iskenderun, Hatay, TURKEY
Department of Biology, Duzce University, Duzce, TURKEY
Technical School of Marine, Mustafa Kemal University, Iskenderun, Hatay, TURKEY


A first record of the lionfish Pterois miles (Bennett, 1828) is reported for the Turkish marine waters, observed in Iskenderun Bay, Northeastern Mediterranean on 13 April 2014. The lionfish is the first non-native marine fishes, established in the family Scorpaenidae for the Turkish marine waters.

Keywords: Lessepsian species, lionfish, Pterois miles, first record, Turkish marine waters

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Preliminary study on a stranding case of Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779) on the Eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey

Erdem Danyer, Işıl Aytemiz, Ali Cemal Gücü, Arda M. Tonay

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul, TURKEY
Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), P.O. Box: 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
Middle East Technical University Institute of Marine Sciences, P.O.Box 28, Erdemli, Mersin, TURKEY
Faculty of Fisheries, Istanbul University, Ordu St., No. 200, 34470, Laleli, Istanbul, TURKEY


The Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779) is one of the critically endangered species in the world and in the northeast Mediterranean Sea there is a continuously breeding population. On 28 February 2014, 3-3.5 months old, male Mediterranean monk seal stranded near Yasilovacık Harbour, Mersin. Gross necropsy was carried out one day later. The seal was emaciated and lungs were pneumonic. This paper summarizes the preliminary findings of the gross necropsy.

Keywords: Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, Eastern Mediterranean Sea, deliberate killing, emaciation

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Danyer, E., Aytemiz, I., Özbek, E. Ö., Tonay, A. M. (2013a) Preliminary study on a stranding case of Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779) on Antalya coast, Turkey, August 2013. Journal of the Black Sea/ Mediterranean Environment 19(3): 359-364.

Danyer, E., Özbek, E. Ö., Aytemiz, I., Tonay, A. M. (2013b) Preliminary report of a stranding case of Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779) on Antalya coast, Turkey, April 2013. Journal of the Black Sea/ Mediterranean Environment 19(2): 278-282.

Ergün, Y., Altuğ, E.M. (2012) Necropsy Report. Veterinary Faculty of Mustafa Kemal University (No:96174695/045/1340)

Gücü, A.C., Sakinan, S., Ok, M. (2009) Occurrence of the critically endangered Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus, at Olympos-Beydağları National Park, Turkey (Mammalia: Phocidae). Zoology in the Middle East 46(1): 3-8.

Güçlüsoy, H., Kiraç, C.O., Veryeri, N.O., Savas, Y. (2004) Status of the Mediterranean monk seal, Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779) in the coastal 157 waters of Turkey. EU Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences 21(3-4): 201- 210.

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First occurrence of the hydrozoan Geryonia proboscidalis (Forskål, 1775) in the northeastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey

Deniz Ergüden, Cemal Turan, Cem Çevik, Necdet Uygur

Faculty of Marine Sciences and Technology, Mustafa Kemal University, 31220 Iskenderun, Hatay, TURKEY
Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries, Cukurova University, Adana, TURKEY
Technical School of Princlik, Mustafa Kemal University, Iskenderun, Hatay, TURKEY


Hydrozoan Geryonia proboscidalis (Forskål, 1775) was observed in July 2012 in Iskenderun Bay (Samandag), for the first time in the northeastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. The presence of G. proboscidalis in the northeastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey may be due to transportation via ballast waters of ship or water currents.

KeywordsGeryonia proboscidalis, Hydrozoan, Iskenderun Bay, Turkey

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Cevik, C., Derici, O.B, Cevik, F., Cavas, L. (2011) First record of Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld, 1884 (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae: Mastigiidae) from Turkey. Aquatic Invasions 6 (Supplement 1): 27-28.

Cevik, C., Erkol, I.L., Toklu, B. (2006) A new record of an alien jellyfish from the Levantine coast of Turkey. Cassiopea andromeda (Forsskal, 1775) [Cnidaria: Scyphozoa Rhizostomea]. Aquatic Invasions 1(3): 196-197.

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Gürlek, M., Yağlıoğlu, D., Ergüden, D., Turan, C. (2013) A new jellyfish species in the Turkish coastal waters – Aequorea forskalea Péron & Lesueur, 1810 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). J. Black Sea/Mediterr. Environ. 19(3): 380-384.

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Ozgur, E., Ozturk, B. (2008) A population of the alien jellyfish, Cassiopea andromeda (Forsskal, 1775) [Cnidaria: Scyphozoa: Rhizostomea] in the Oludeniz Lagoon, Turkey. Aquatic Invasions 3: 423-428.

Turan, C., Gürlek, M., Yağlıoğlu, D., Seyhan, D. (2011) A new alien jellyfish species in the Mediterranean Sea, Aequorea globosa Eschscholtz, 1829 (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). J. Black Sea/Mediterr. Environ. 17(3): 282-286.

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First occurrence of Serranus hepatus in the Bulgarian Black Sea coast

Apostolou Apostolos

Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2 Gagarin Street, 1113 Sofia, BULGARIA


The brown comber (Serranus hepatus) is a common representative of the Mediterranean fish fauna. Recently it had been reported for the first time in the Black Sea, near the Istanbul Strait (Bosphorus). Two additional specimens were registered in the southern Bulgarian Black Sea sector; one of them was measured and reported here, in order to establish some basic morphometric traits.

KeywordsSerranus hepatus, brown comber, Black Sea fauna

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Bilecenoglu M. (2009) Growth and feeding habits of the brown comber, Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea. Acta Adriatica 50(1): 105 – 110.

Bilecenoglu, M., Taskavak, E., Mater, S., Kaya, M. (2002) Checklist of marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa 113: 1–194.

Dalgiç, G., Gümüş, A., Zengin, M. (2013) First record of brown comber Serranus hepatus (Linnaeus, 1758) for the Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Zoology 37: 523-524.

Fischer, W., Bauchot, M.-L., Schneider, M. (1987) (rédacteurs). Fiches FAO d’identification des espèces pour les besoins de la peche (Rèvision 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de péche 37. Volume II. Vertébrés. Rome, FAO, Vol 2: 761-1530.

Fricke, R., Bilecenoglu, M., Sarı, H.M. (2007). Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostomata and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A, Nr. 706, 169 pp.

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Vasil’eva, E. D. (2007) Fishes of the Black Sea. Key to Marine, Brakish˗Water, Eurihaline and anadromous species with color Illustrations collected by S.V. Bogorodsky. VNIRO Publishing, Moskow, 237 pp. (in Russian).

Yankova, M., Pavlov, D., Ivanova, P., Karpova, E., Boltachev, A., Bat, L., Oral, M., Mgeladze, M. (2013) Annotated check list of the non˗native fish species (Pisces) of the Black Sea. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 19(2): 247˗255.

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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in marine sediment of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea (Italy)

Sigfrido Cannarsa, Maria Cesarina Abete, Mauro Zanardi, Stefania Squadrone

ENEA Centro Ricerche Energia Ambiente ENEA Pezzuolo di Lerici, La Spezia, ITALY
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e valle d’Aosta, ITALY


The presence and distribution of the 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) priority pollutant listed by US EPA (Naphthalene, Acenaphthylene, Acenaphthene, Fluorene, Phenanthrene, Anthracene, Fluoranthene, Pyrene, Benzo[a]anthracene, Chrysene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Benzo[k]fluoranthene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Dibenzo[a,h]anthracene, Benzo[g,h,i]perylene, Indeno[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene) were investigated in sediments from 35 stations of the Ligurian coast (Northern Italy). Results were shown as total PAH concentrations (PAHs) and molecular indices based on ratios of selected PAH concentrations were used to differentiate PAHs from pyrogenic and petrogenic origin. Analysis was performed by gas/chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) with selected ion monitoring (SIM). Total PAHs concentrations ranged from 1113 to 17006 ng/g of dry matrix. PAH profiles varied according to the nature of the site and its proximity to sources; in general, the contamination levels of total PAHs were similar to those observed in contaminated and slightly contaminated sediments of the Mediterranean Sea. In some cases the concentration of contaminants is influenced by physical circulation processes that raise the concentrations of anthropogenic pollutants offshore an order of magnitude higher than those near industrial and harbors activities.

Keywords: PAHs, sediment, Ligurian Sea, GC-MS, pollution

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Benlahcen, K.T., Chaoui, A., Budzinski, H., Bellocq, J., Garrigues, P. (1997) Distribution and source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in some Mediterranean coastal sediments. Mar. Poll. Bull. 34: 298-305.

Bertolotto, R.M., Ghioni, F., Frignani, M., Alvarado-Aguilar, D., Bellocci, LG., Cuneo, C., Picca, M.R., Gollo, M. (2003) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surficial coastal sediments of the Ligurian Sea. Mar. Poll. Bull. 46: 903-917.

Gogou, A., Boulobassi, I., Stephanou, E.G. (2000) Marine organic geochemistry of the Eastern Mediterranean: 1. Aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in Cretan Sea surficial sediments. Mar. Chem. 68: 265-282.

Gui-Peng, Y. (2000) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the sediments of the South China Sea. Env. Poll. 108: 163-171.

Soclo, H.H., Garrigues, P.H., Ewald, M. (2000) Origin of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coastal marine sediments case study in Cotonou (Benin) and Aquitanie (France) areas. Mar. Poll. Bull. 40: 387-396.

Usenko, S., Landers, D.H., Appleby, P.G. Simonich., S.L. (2007) Current and historical deposition of PBDEs, pesticides, PCBs, and PAHs to Rocky Mountain National Park. Env. Sci. Techn. 41(21): 7235-7241.



Science in Antarctica and the role of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)

Jerónimo López-Martínez, Michael D. Sparrow

SCAR, Scott Polar Research Institute, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1ER, UNITED KINGDOM
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, SPAIN


Scientific research in Antarctica requires international cooperation due to the magnitude of the objectives, the particular conditions of the Antarctic environment, and also because the Antarctic Treaty, signed in 1959 and entered into force in 1961, recognizes scientific research and international cooperation as important pillars. The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), established in 1958, is the organisation responsible for promoting and coordinating scientific research in the Antarctic region (including the Southern Ocean) and for providing scientific advice to the Antarctic Treaty System and to other international bodies on Antarctica. This paper illustrates how SCAR operates to accomplish its mission and how it is organized to develop and coordinate the researches carried out by a large scientific community belonging to the – as of 2013 – 37 SCAR member countries. The five SCAR Scientific Research Programmes initiated in 2013 are a framework that will orientate a significant part of the research efforts during the next four to eight years. These programmes are highlighted in this paper, as well as other initiatives currently carried out by SCAR.

Keywords: Antarctica, SCAR, scientific research, international cooperation, policy advice

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Krupnik, I, Allison, I., Bell, R., Cutler, P., Hik, D., López-Martínez, J., Rachold, V., Sarukhanian, E., Summerhayes, C. (Eds) (2011) Understanding Earth´s Polar Challenges: International Polar Year 2007-2008.CCI Press, Canadian Circumpolar Institute. Alberta, Canada, 719 pp. (Available online:

Walton, D., Clarkson, P. (2011) Science in the Snow. Fiftty Years of International Collaboration through the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. SCAR, Cambridge, 258 pp.


Phthalates pollution in algae of Turkish coast

Sinem Erakın, Neşe Binark, Kasım Cemal Güven, Burak Coban, Hüseyin Erduğan

Turkish Marine Research Foundation (TUDAV), P. O. Box: 10, Beykoz, Istanbul, TURKEY
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Bulent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, TURKEY
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, 18 Mart University, Çanakkale, TURKEY


In this work phthalates pollution in red, brown and green algae in the Black Sea, Istanbul Starait and Çanakkale Strait were investigated. The detected phthalate derivatives were DEP, DIBP, DBP and DEHP. Very toxic phthalate DEHP was found only in the Istanbul Strait. Phthalates pollution of algae depends on the pollution of sea water.

Keywords: Phthalates, red, brown, green algae, Turkish coast

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Gezgin, T., Guven, K. C., Akcin, G. (2001) Phthalate esters in marine algae. Turkish J. Mar. Sci. 7 (2): 119-130.

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Güven K.C., Coban B. (2013) Phthalate pollution in fish Sarda sarda, Engraulis encrasicolus, Mullus surmuletus, Merlangius merlangus and shrimp Prapenaeus longirostris. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environ. 19: 185-189.

Güven, K.C., Çetintürk, K., Küçük, M., Alpaslan, M., Tekinay, A.A. (2003) Oil, phthalates and biotoxin analyses of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) collected from Dardanelles. Turkish J. Mar. Sci. 9: 83˗95.

Güven, K.C., Reisch, J., Kızıl, Z., Güvener, B., Cevher, E. (1990) Dimethyl terephthalate pollution in red algae. Phytochem. 29: 3115.

Güven, K.C., Unlu, S., Okus, E., Dogan, E., Gezgin, T. (1997) Identification of phthalate esters pollution in the Bosporus and Dardanelles. Turkish J. Mar. Sci. 3: 137-148.

Laughlin, R.B. Jr., Neff, J. M., Hrung, Y.C., Goodwin, T.C., Giam, C.S. (1978) The effect of three phthalate esters on the larval development of the grass shrimp Palaemonetes pugio (HoIthuis). Water, Air, Soil. Pollut. 9: 323˗336.

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Preston, M. R., Al˗Omran, L. A. (1986) Dissolved and particulate phthalate esters in the river Mersey Estuary. Mar. Poll. Bull. 17: 548˗553.

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Chemical composition of Ulva rigida C. Agardh from the Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles), Turkey

Latife Ceyda İrkin, Hüseyin Erduğan

Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Terzioglu Campus 17020, Çanakkale, TURKEY
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Terzioglu Campus 17020-Çanakkale, TURKEY


The significant increase of the world population in recent years has encouraged researches to focus on the utilization of marine food resources together with the terrestrial ones for human consumption. Being an important source of protein and an effective source used not only as fertilizer but also in the industry with its useful chemical content makes Ulva rigida C.Agardh a target topic for research. In present study, seasonal and locational changes of the chemical compositions of U. rigida were investigated. The analyses were carried out in duplicate and seasonally (fall, winter, spring and summer). Significant differences were recorded in the findings obtained for the species collected in terms of seasons and stations.

Keywords: Macroalgae, Ulva rigida, chemical composition, Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles)

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Aguilera-Morales M, Casas-Valdez, M., Carrillo-Domínguez, S., GonzálezAcosta, B., Pérez-Gil, F. (2005) Chemical composition and microbiological assays of marine algae Enteromorpha spp. as a potential food source. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 18(1): 79-88.

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Fucoxanthin of the brown alga Cystoseira barbata (Stackh.) C. Agardh from the Black Sea

Vitaly I. Ryabushko, Alexander V. Prazukin, Elena V. Popova, Mikhail V. Nekhoroshev

A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, 2 Nakhimov ave., Sevastopol 99011, Crimea, UKRAINE


Quantitative determination of fucoxanthin was made in the ontogenetic series of 1st order branches of the brown alga Cystoseira barbata (Stackh.) C. Agardh growing in upper sublittoral zone of Martyn Bay (Black Sea coast of Crimea). The greatest content (3 mg/g dry mass) was characteristic of the branches 2 – 3 months old. Total amount of this carotenoid which natural Cystoseira can hold is evaluated from 508 to 1810 mg per square meter of the sea bed.

Keywords: Brown alga, Cystoseira, fucoxanthin, Black Sea

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Use of nematode maturity index for the determination of ecological quality status: a case study from the Black Sea

Derya Ürkmez, Murat Sezgin, Levent Bat

Department of Hydrobiology, Faculty of Fisheries, Sinop University, 57000, Sinop, TURKEY


Free-living marine nematodes inhabiting the shallow waters (3m) of Sinop Bay were analyzed to evaluate their usage as biological indicators. Their functional diversity was studied seasonally (August 2009, October 2009, January 2010 and April 2010). Life history strategies (c─p scaling) of nematode assemblages were examined. The Maturity Index (MI) based on c─p scale was calculated to test if it may be used for the interpretation of the environmental conditions and the determination of the ecological quality status of benthic habitats in the Black Sea ecosystem. Highest MI value was found at station C1 in April where the lowest organic matter concentration was recorded. The results indicated a possible utilization of MI and c–p class percentages to identify the ecological quality status of benthic environments according to Water Framework Directive.

Keywords: Free-living marine nematodes, Water Framework Directive, maturity index, functional diversity, Sinop Bay

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